Social Work and psych theories 2

Social Work and psych theories 2 - Eriksons Stages of...

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Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development Contributions/Criticisms of Erikson’s Work Focus on adaptive personality development Life span development Concept of identity crisis Like Freud, unmeasurable Crises as fixed and sequential Cognitive Theory Basic assumption is that maladaptive behavior results from irrational or distorted ways of thinking – emphasis is on internal thought processes Like psychodynamic theories, have been employed mostly with people with anxiety and mood disorders Like behavioral theories, there is a strong research emphasis in cognitive theories Albert Ellis – psychological problems stem from irrational and catastrophic thinking Examples of irrational beliefs I must be loved and approved of all the time Things must always go right I must be competent at everything Life should always treat me fairly Rational-Emotive Therapy (RET) – therapist challenges client’s irrational belief
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