2005_09_12_sss - Power Interpersonal Organizational and...

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Interpersonal, Organizational, and Global Dimensions Monday, 12 September 2005 Topic: How do we study or do social science? anthropology/sociology = study of human action and culture, what people do and produce 3 ways to study, different disciplines: biology – bodies, physiological psychology – development of individual mind, ego anthropology/sociology – more than one ego/mind, interactions, structure of relationships in interactions *Social action is always interaction or transaction. Interaction and transaction are the basic data on which to build analyses. The social sciences describe and explain how interactions occur and what their products are. These interactions can develop in different directions depending on what cluster of interactions is being studied. For example: study of material goods = economics study of actions that flow from and aggregate to the State = political science all that is left over = anthropology/sociology Anthropology/sociology study the common processes that cut across different institutions , how we build norms and how those norms become stable patterns , and how action under rules looks like (e.g. bureaucracy, structure of organizations). *Social organization is a set of rules of behavior. Where are the spaces outside of the rules? deviance And if someone violates official rules? crime *Normativity vs. violation – an aspect in social interaction involving power history of anthropology and sociology: sociology started in the mid 19 th century, coming out of philosophy as society became more complex – a focus on urban life (cities, industrial production) took into account the historical change in the organization of daily life (from living in a community of familiars to living among strangers) anthropology arose at the end of the 19 th century to study the non-industrial world, the exotic and unknown the two disciplines have often merged , with large overlaps and variations within (e.g. cultural anthropology's reliance on observation and ethnographic accounts has parallels in sociology; physical and linguistic anthropology is not found in sociology, but elaborate quantitative modeling of social action is not generally found in anthropology. The settings studied (e.g. modern industrial or industrializing societies are studied by both, as are smaller scale social groups). 09/12/05, page 1 of 4
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2005_09_12_sss - Power Interpersonal Organizational and...

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