sex_identities - history of modern sexual identities were...

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history of modern sexual identities we’re shifting our focus from how people learn and make use of gendered attributes, and both participate in and resist gender-based forms of power, to think about sexuality how sexuality is, and isn’t, part of the making of manhood and womanhood Jonathan Ned Katz: “heterosexuality is a modern invention, dating to the late nineteenth century” did this strike you as a surprising statement? If so, why? SO, what IS “heterosexuality” that we can say is a recent invention? an identity based on the object of one’s desire , as classified by gender in contemporary understanding, one can “be” a heterosexual and not actually have “had” sex with anyone same with “a” homosexual heterosexuality is also the “norm” against which homo sexuality defined as deviant this is a RECENT and culturally specific way to think about persons, and about sexuality to recognize this is not to say it’s right/wrong, good/bad way of thinking — simply that it’s a cultural construction there are have been and are many different ways in which people have viewed sexuality, attached “it’ — doing various kinds of sex — to identity, various kinds of people e.g.: ancient Greeks (Socrates and co.) categorized as active/passive sexual subjects what was important was whether one took active or passive position — penetrator/penetrated obviously gender is relevant, but not in same way as homo/heterosexual orientation men could be either active/passive (lust was roving); women only passive the Sambia of Papua New Guinea (read about soon) practice ritualized fellatio (oral sex) — young male initiates ingest semen of older men as a “rite of passage” to adult manhood — they recognize pleasure afforded older men, but view the act of fellatio in terms of younger men ingesting semen, “making men” in a rather literalist reading — here “homosexuality” isn’t at all what we imagine it be heterosexuality and, corollary, homosexuality , are recent: an identity based on the gender of the generalized object of one’s desire . origin story begins in 19th C, with — again — rise of industrial capitalism; Katz joins Collier and Ehrenreich & English in his theoretical framework: new political-economic systems create new categories of person and claims to hierarchical status positions, and the ideologies to justify them 1
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SO, according to Katz, where, and when, are we, historically, on the eve of heterosexuality? Early Victorian era, of first half of 19 th C — early capitalist economies emerging out of household production the reigning sexual ideology is “True Love” in which sexual desire is domesticated; proper womanhood and manhood are based on “purity,” meaning that desire is channeled into proper (marital) procreation in pre -capitalist society, having children meant gaining “extra hands” to help around house and fields; sex was valued b/c it led to more children, increased household stability
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sex_identities - history of modern sexual identities were...

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