14. DISCUSS WILLIAM CRONON'S
CHANGES IN THE LAND
, TAYLOR CHAPS. 8&9.
New England colonization, economy, and ecology
We are not going to discuss Virginia and Chesapeake colonies much.
Important to read
Had high death rate.
New England settled in 17
We now call them “Puritans”, “Pilgrims”.
Taylor shows migration to New England both pulled and pushed.
Push factors: religious and social instability in England.
Taylor good on this.
1630s, seemed worth effort---give up possessions, feared ocean crossing---to emigrate to
They saw that the poor in England screwed, were worried about sliding down
into poverty, like middle class today.
English church diverse, full of conflict.
Also many tensions expressed in religious idiom.
Also pull of new possibilities: utopian impulses, hope to found ideal commonwealth, get
Literate and very self-conscious, so well recorded, though Cronon shows limitations.
New England lightly populated when
arrived, had been great epidemics even before
1620, gave first colonists breathing room.
So-called “Pilgrims” arrived in 1620.
Massachusetts Bay colony, esp. 1630s, burst of
immigration, mostly over by 1640s, so not a continual influx.
Taylor good on effects of climate, geography.
Because if cold, less disease, population much healthier than in South.
attrition in South.
In New England on other hand, great population growth.
No possibility of plantation crops, which are an economic trap.