ses02_museum - 17.55, Introduction to Latin American...

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17.55, Introduction to Latin American Studies, Fall 2006 Prof. Chappell Lawson Session 2: Finish Pop Quiz. Latin America as a Living Museum On Blackboard Living museum Tupac Amaru Macondo Caudillos Obedezco pero no cumplo “alchemists of the statutes” Smallpox Para ingles ver Jus primae noctis Latifundio Juan Diego Macondo Hacienda La Matanza Caciquismo, coronelismo Encomienda Day of the Dead Corporatism Mercantilism syncretism Cacao Chiapas Virgen de Guadalupe Iturbide Nuevo León Guaraní Maximilian Nahuatl "contemporary Latin American politics is something of a "living museum", in which all the forms of political authority of the Western historic experience continue to exist and operate, interacting one with another in a pageant that seems to violate all the rules of sequence and change involved in our understanding of the growth of Western civilization. Politically pragmatic, democratic movements, devoted to the constitutional and welfare-state ideals of the mid-twentieth century, stand side by side with a traditional and virtually semi-feudal landed aristocracy. "Social technocrats" and economic planners of the most modern outlook confer and interact with an institutionalized Church which in some countries is favored with a political position not far removed from the "two swords" tradition of medieval political thought. Military caudillos cast in a role set in the early nineteenth century, and little changed with the passage of time, confront an organized trade union movement, a growing middle class, a new entrepreneurial elite." (Anderson, Charles. Politics and Economic Change in Latin America: The Governing of Restless Nations . Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, 1967, p. 104. ASIN: B000B9J54W.) Latin America is a region of contrasts Extraordinary wealth and massive poverty: Rio de Janeiro shantytown next to skyscraper: could be a lot of cities Peasants using technology from pre-Colombian era next to a giant office building Unlike any region in the United States, except perhaps areas of the American South where the legacy of slavery, poverty, and racial inequality is reminiscent of Latin America I will offer a history of the region in 30 minutes or less Many of the current contrasts in L.A. go back to Columbus and the Conquest Massive destruction of Indian population o Indians on Hispaniola eradicated by 1520 (little more than a generation after contact), in Cuba (which was one of next colonies) by 1540 o Population of Mexico fell calamitously, from perhaps 10 million to 3 million. Didn’t recover until the early 20 th century o Causes included overwork, starvation, and especially disease (smallpox), to which locals had no immunity o Europeans died in droves too, of course. Mortality rates of 40% within first year throughout the first half of the 16 th century (malaria being especially bad killer) o But Indians harder hit; Africans brought in to replace them Use of the materials should be cited as follows: Chappell Lawson, MIT OpenCourseWare ( course materials for
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course ARCH 4.401 taught by Professor Utemetabauer during the Fall '06 term at MIT.

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ses02_museum - 17.55, Introduction to Latin American...

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