ses11_hand3 - 17.55 Introduction to Latin American Studies...

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17.55, Introduction to Latin American Studies, Fall 2006 Prof. Chappell Lawson Session 11: The Breakdown of Chilean Democracy Handout: Expanded Chronology of the Fall of Salvador Allende Campaign 1970 Christian Democrats nominate leftist, ensuring centrist support for Alessandri; Alessandri’s television debate appearance reinforces impression of age (74); Allende promises collegial government within UP September 4, 1970 Allende wins election with 36.3% of vote; Alessandri gets 35%; Radomiro Tomic gets 27.8% October 22, 1970 General René Schneider wounded in botched kidnapping; later dies October 25, 1970 Congress confirms Allende, 153-35 November 2, 1970 Allende takes office January 9, 1971 Statute of Guarantees added to Constitution March 4, 1971 Municipal elections reveal countrywide split between UP and Opposition (49.7% vs. 48%) May 10, 1971 CD’s announce policy of “constructive opposition” May 21, 1971 Allende’s “Chilean Way” speech offers nationalization of large enterprises, maintenance of private small and medium-size businesses; respect for rule of law June-July 1971 CD-UP relationship sours; “government by legerdemain” June 8, 1971 Former Vice President Edmundo Pérez Zújovic murdered by leftist extremists of Vanguardia Organizada del Pueblo; suspects subsequently killed in shoot-out July 11, 1971 Congress unanimously approves UP proposal for nationalization of copper companies July 18, 1971 By-election in Valparaiso; CD and UP essentially tie; UP has about 50% of electorate July 28, 1971 Chilean government declares that copper companies’ profits have been “excessive”; no compensation will be paid for their expropriation September 10, 1971 Fidel Castro begins 10-day visit September 22, 1971 Christian Democrats formally break with UP November 1971 Chile suspends intergovernmental debt payments December 1971 Congress impeaches Interior Minister Tohá for failing to investigate MIR (Movement of the Revolutionary Left) December 1, 1971 March of Empty Pots; 5,000 women dispersed with tear gas; street skirmishes between leftist and rightist youth December 2, 1971 Allende declares state of emergency in Santiago province December 3, 1971 Regional military commander, General Augusto Pinochet, imposes curfew 1972-1973 Inflation begins; shortages become more pronounced; violence increases, especially in chaotic countryside where MIR was seizing land Emergence of focos , campamentos , and cordones , where police did not go Investment falls, deficit balloons to 40% of government spending in 1972 Use of the materials should be cited as follows: Chappell Lawson, MIT OpenCourseWare ( course materials for 17.55J/21A.430J/21F.084J (Introduction to Latin American Studies, Fall 2006), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, downloaded on [Insert Date].
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January 1972 Allende tries to move toward center but is thwarted by leftists within his own coalition; state development company buys private companies’
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ses11_hand3 - 17.55 Introduction to Latin American Studies...

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