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sesa1_mex_hand1 - Cuauhtèmoc Cárdenas Son of Lázaro...

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17.55, Introduction to Latin American Studies, Fall 2006 Prof. Chappell Lawson Appendix: Political Transition in Mexico Handout: Key terms and individuals (Mexico) Porfirio Díaz Dictator overthrown in Revolution Porfiriato Dictatorship under Porfirio Díaz, 1877-1910 Francisco Madero Wealthy liberal landowner who leads campaign against Díaz Victoriano Huerta Reactionary general; overthrows Madero in 1913 Emiliano Zapata Revolutionary general; symbol of Indian resistance and desire for land reform in southern Mexico Francisco (“Pancho”) Villa Revolutionary general from northern Mexico; favored radical measures Venustiano Carranza Revolutionary general; leader of Constitutionalists; defeats Villa and Zapata; overthrown by Obregón in 1920 Alvaro Obregón Revolutionary general; strongman, 1920-28 Plutarcho Elías Calles Constitutionalist general; founder of PNR; behind-the- scenes strongman, 1928-1934 Lázaro Cárdenas Constitutionalist general; President 1934-40; founder of PRM
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Unformatted text preview: Cuauhtèmoc Cárdenas Son of Lázaro Cárdenas; presidential candidate, 1988, 1994, and 2000; founder of PRD Carlos Salinas President, 1988-1994; architect of sweeping political and economic reform Ernesto Zedillo President, 1994-2000; favored neoliberal economic policies and democratization Caciques Local bosses affiliated with the ruling party Camarillas Factions within the ruling party PNR National Revolutionary Party PMR Party of the Mexican Revolution (successor of PNR) PRI Revolutionary Institutional Party (successor of PMR) PRD Party of the Democratic Revolution; principal leftist opposition party PAN National Action Party; principal conservative opposition party Use of the materials should be cited as follows: Chappell Lawson, MIT OpenCourseWare (http://ocw.mit.edu/index.html) course materials for 17.55J/21A.430J/21F.084J (Introduction to Latin American Studies, Fall 2006), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, downloaded on [Insert Date]....
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