sesa2_usfp1 - 17.55, Introduction to Latin American...

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17.55, Introduction to Latin American Studies, Fall 2006 Prof. Chappell Lawson Appendix: U. S. Foreign Policy in Latin America U.S. is dominant player in region since 1898 Traditionally exercised a huge influence Even when it wasn’t intervening, often perceived to be Policy generally not well regarded in hemisphere Better relations now than ever, but still skepticism Prior to 1898, policy less clear Support for Spanish Revolutions Monroe Doctrine: no colonialism Some desire to trade with them Skepticism over prospects Jefferson: “History furnishes no example of a priest-ridden people maintaining free civil government” Manifest Destiny and territorial expansion 1846-8: Mexican-American War (and subsequent debate over citizenship) consistent talk of annexing Cuba and Baja Rivalry with England Gradual dominance over Caribbean Ultimate dominance over South America Five familiar explanations for U.S policy Geopolitics U.S. trying to defend itself against perceived threats to national security European rivalry WWII Cold War Economic interests Interests of U.S. as a whole Interests of businesses, capitalism Interests of specific individuals Domestic politics U.S. foreign policy just reflects domestic constituencies Cuban policy today Impact of L.A. immigration? Ideology Promoting democracy Combating Communism Discussed a lot; is it just a veil for other interests (e.g., economic interests)? Or is it sincere (e.g., intervention in Haiti)? Bureaucratic politics Not one policy People, agencies jockey for power and influence within government Very important to note that policy is not coherent Conspiracy theory explanations vs. general incoherence explanations People really differ in which of these seems most important Latin Americans: economic issues key; all else is a guise or façade U.S. policymakers would insist on primacy of national interest U.S. citizens probably think in terms of ideology and democracy Use of the materials should be cited as follows: Chappell Lawson, MIT OpenCourseWare ( course materials for 17.55J/21A.430J/21F.084J (Introduction to Latin American Studies, Fall 2006), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, downloaded on [Insert Date].
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Also, drivers of policy have changed a lot over time Four phases Modern period begins in 1898. Why? U.S. “liberates” or inherits Spanish colonial possessions Becomes the hegemonic force in the Caribbean basin Puerto Rico becomes a U.S. colony Cuba and Nicaragua turned into virtual colonies U.S. also starts to play a larger role in South America, where British are dominant By 1920s, annual U.S. investment in region exceeds British Though U.S. still smaller total fixed investment until WWII First phase: Era of Imperialism: 1898-1932 Why called imperialism? [They called it that]
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course ARCH 4.401 taught by Professor Utemetabauer during the Fall '06 term at MIT.

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sesa2_usfp1 - 17.55, Introduction to Latin American...

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