sesa3_arg_hand1 - 17.55, Introduction to Latin American...

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17.55, Introduction to Latin American Studies, Fall 2006 Prof. Chappell Lawson Appendix: Argentina Timeline 1865 Creation of commercial beef extract; encourages expansion of ranching 1870 Less than 1M acres in pampas planted; mass export-oriented wheat cultivation begins 1880-1930 2.5M immigrants arrive 1882 Frozen meat trade begins 1884 Homestead Act; most of pampas already appropriated by ranchers 1889 One-half of all English foreign investment is directed to Argentina 1890 Economic crisis leads to failed middle-class revolt; Civic Union movement born and Radical Party (urban political machine) emerges 1890 One-third of workers live in tenements; one-third in small homes; three- quarters of workers are immigrants; most residents are foreign born 1902 Law of Residence allows for deportation of radical immigrants 1909 Anarchist general strike; violence 1910 Anarchists fight elites; middle classes support repression; Law of Social Defense 1912 President Roque Sáenz Peña passes electoral reform 1915 Argentina has more railroad miles per capita than U.S.; agricultural exports rival U.S. 1916 Radicals win under Hipólito Yrigoyen Jan. 1919 Strikes, reactions, and riots lead to massive police violence; Red Scare and pogrom-style repression ( la semana trágica ) 1920-21 Massacres of Patagonian workers by military 1922 Radical Party, under Marecelo T. de Alvear, wins presidency again 1928 Radical Party wins presidency again under Yrigoyen 1929 Stock market crash and beginning of global depression Sep. 6, 1930 Military coup under General Jose Felix Uriburu inaugurates “the infamous decade” 1932-38 Elite politics with military support; return to pre-1912 era 1941 World War II begins; Argentina opts for neutrality June 1943 GOU ( grupo de oficiales unidos ) faction of military takes over in internal coup; Juan Perón given post of Secretary of Labor; government sympathetic to Axis 1943-45 Perón uses post to create state-corporatist unions loyal to him; attempts to implement quintessential fascist program unifying far left and far right; personalistic domination of organized labor movement Feb. 1944 Perón appointed War Minister July 1944 Perón appointed Vice President
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course ARCH 4.401 taught by Professor Utemetabauer during the Fall '06 term at MIT.

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sesa3_arg_hand1 - 17.55, Introduction to Latin American...

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