war_on_drugs

war_on_drugs - War on Drugs Lecture 1) China We associated...

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War on Drugs Lecture 1) China We associated opium with dangerous Chinese immigrants in 19 th C Chinese associated opium with barbarian Westerners in 19 th C Chinese story = interesting counterpoint to cocaine & Colombia E. India Co = Medellin Cartel, with Westerners as drug dealers British MPs (& Queen Victoria) = Pablo Escobar Opium trafficking solved British balance of payments problem (how to pay the Chinese in something other than silver for the tea the British were massively importing from China). BUT China lost 90% silver reserves 1793-1820 (while Colombia gained $$$ from cocaine trade in 80s & 90s) & opium trade caused huge problems for Chinese state:
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(1) addiction – 1% population, but 90% in coastal areas (2) corruption (3) Losing practical control of coastal ports they lost Hong Kong here (Hence death sentence for teaching Chinese to foreigners) Opium wars (1840 1 st of series) drove home state’s weakness in defending its territory Again, we see how drug trade can compromise integrity of state, its territorial control & it excites draconian, repressive measures: executions in China & in US…. 2) David Musto (Yale) Assigned for historical perspective
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We tend to freeze current judgments about licit & illicit drugs His piece makes clear that opium, cocaine & marijuana have been treated more tolerantly in past
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course ARCH 4.401 taught by Professor Utemetabauer during the Fall '06 term at MIT.

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war_on_drugs - War on Drugs Lecture 1) China We associated...

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