Nucleic Acids - Nucleic Acids Nucleic Acids Structures of...

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1 Nucleic Acids Nucleic Acids Structures of Nucleic Acids DNA Replication RNA and Transcription
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2 Nucleotides Nucleic acids consist of nucleotides that have a sugar, nitrogen base, and phosphate nucleoside Sugar Base PO 4
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3 Nitrogen-Containing Bases N N N N H NH 2 N N O CH 3 O H H N N N N O H NH 2 H N N NH 2 CH 3 O H N N O CH 3 O H H adenine (A) thymine (T) guanine (G) cytosine (C) uracil (U)
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4 Sugars O OH CH 2 OH OH HO HO O OH CH 2 OH ribose deoxyribose (no O)
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5 Nucleosides in DNA Base Sugar Nucleoside Adenine (A) Deoxyribose Adenosine Guanine (G) Deoxyribose Guanosine Cytosine (C) Deoxyribose Cytidine Thymine (T) Deoxyribose Thymidine
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6 Nucleosides in RNA Base Sugar Nucleoside Adenine (A) ribose Adenosine Guanine (G) ribose Guanosine Cytosine (C) ribose Cytidine Uracil (U) ribose Uridine
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7 Example of a Nucleoside O OH N N NH 2 O CH 2 O P O O - O - deoxyctyidine monophosphate (dCMP)
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8 Nucleotides in DNA and RNA DNA dAMP Deoxyadenosine monophosphate dGMP Deoxyguanosine monophosphate dCMP Deoxycytidine monophosphate dTMP
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