STrong and Weak Acids and Bases

STrong and Weak Acids and Bases - Chapter 9 Acids and Bases...

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LecturePLUS Timberlake1 Chapter 9 Acids and Bases Strengths of Acids and Bases Making Dilutions
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LecturePLUS Timberlake2 Strengths of Acids and Bases Strong acids completely ionize (100%) in aqueous solutions HCl + H 2 O H 3 O + + Cl - (100 % ions ) Strong bases completely (100%) dissociate into ions in aqueous solutions. NaOH Na + (aq) + OH - (aq) (100 % ions)
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LecturePLUS Timberlake3 NH 3 , A Bronsted-Lowry Base When NH 3 reacts with water, most of the reactants remain dissolved as molecules, but a few NH 3 reacts with water to form NH 4 + and hydroxide ion. NH 3 + H 2 O NH 4 + (aq) + OH - (aq) acceptor donor + +
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LecturePLUS Timberlake4 Strong and Weak Acids and Bases Strong acids HCl, HNO 3 , H 2 SO 4 Most other acids are weak. Strong bases NaOH, KOH, and Ca(OH) 2 Most other bases are weak.
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LecturePLUS Timberlake5 Learning Check SW1 Identify each of the following as a 1) strong acid or base 2) weak acid 3) weak base A. ___ HCl (aq) B. ___ NH 3 (aq) C. ___ NaOH (aq) D. ___ H 2 CO 3 (aq)
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course CHEM 100 taught by Professor Sdfsdf during the Winter '08 term at BYU.

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STrong and Weak Acids and Bases - Chapter 9 Acids and Bases...

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