AzocompoundsOpt

AzocompoundsOpt - + N + 2 H 2 O NH 2 phenylamine...

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Azo Compounds 100’s of free ppt’s from www.pptpoint.com library
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What are azo compounds? Contain the -N=N- group. Where R and R’ are arene groups more stable than alkyl groups. Azo group is stabilised by becoming part of extended delocalised system. Result of a coupling reaction between a diazonium salt and a coupling agent. Azo group
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Diazonium salts Only stable salts are aromatic - not particularly stable. Lose -N + N as N 2(g) Electron rich benzene ring stabilises the -N + N group but decomposition occurs above about 5 o C. Add cold soln. sodium nitrite (NaNO 2 ) to arylamine soln. In dilute acid below 5 o C. Diazotisation. Prepare fresh and use immediately. N + N Cl -
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How the salt is made. Acid reacts with sodium nitrite to form unstable nitrous acid. NaNO 2 (aq) + HCl (aq) HNO 2 (aq) + NaCl (aq) Nitrous acid reacts with the arylamine. + HNO 2 + H + N
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Unformatted text preview: + N + 2 H 2 O NH 2 phenylamine benzenediazonium ion Diazo coupling reactions A diazonium salt reacts with another compound containing a benzene ring called a coupling agent. Diazonium salt acts as an electrophile - reacts with benzene ring of coupling agent. Coloured precipitate of azo compound immediately forms. Important use as dyes. Coupling with phenols Benzenediazonium salt and alkaline phenol gives a yellow orange azo compound Benzenediazonium salt and alkaline naphthalen-2-ol gives a red azo compound. Coupling with amines Diazonium salts couple with arylamines. Benzenediazonium salt and phenylamine gives a yellow azo compound. Use different diazonium salts and coupling agents to make different colours. Azo compounds are stable so dyes do not fade ....
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AzocompoundsOpt - + N + 2 H 2 O NH 2 phenylamine...

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