{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

hydrocarbon-nomenclature

hydrocarbon-nomenclature - Naming Hydrocarbons(nomenclature...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Naming Hydrocarbons (nomenclature)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Drawing Structures: It’s All Good C H 3 C H C H CH 3 C H 3 CH 3 C H 3 CH CH CH 3 2-butene This is called the “condensed structure” C C C C H H H H H H H H C H 3 CH CH CH 3 On a test, choose a method that shows all Hs CH 3 CH=CHCH 3 Using brackets can also shorten some formulas: CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3 vs. CH 3 (CH 2 ) 4 CH 3
Background image of page 2
Basic Naming of Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbon names are based on: 1) type, 2) # of carbons, 3) side chain type and position 1) name will end in -ane, -ene, or -yne 2) the number of carbons is given by a “prefix” 1 meth- 2 eth- 3 prop- 4 but- 5 pent- 6 hex- 7 hept- 8 oct- 9 non- 10 dec- Actually, all end in a, but a is dropped when next to a vowel. E.g. a 6 C alkene is hexene Q - What names would be given to these: 7C, 9C alkane 2C, 4C alkyne 1C, 3C alkene heptane, nonane ethyne, butyne methene, propene
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Mnemonic for First Four Prefixes First four prefixes M eth- E th- P rop- B ut- M onkeys E at P eeled B ananas
Background image of page 4
? Decade Decimal Decathalon Other Prefixes Pent- Oct- Dec- Hex-, Hept-, Non-
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Numbering Carbons Q- draw pentene A- Where’s the double bond? We # C atoms. Naming compounds with multiple bonds is more complex than previously indicated.
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}