Forensics PP

Forensics PP - Forensics Forensics Forensic Science...

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Unformatted text preview: Forensics Forensics Forensic Science Criminology Criminalistics is the use of science to examine and compare of evidence (like fingerprints, shoeprints, and tire tracks), drugs, and firearms in criminal investigations Forensic Specialties Forensic Forensic accounting is the Forensic study of accounting evidence. study Forensic anthropology is Forensic physical anthropology in a legal setting, usually for identification of skeleton human remains. human Forensic economics is the Forensic study of economic damage evidence to include calculations of lost earnings, the lost value of business, lost profits, lost value of service, replacement costs and medical costs. costs. Forensic Specialties (contd.) Forensic engineering studies the causes of failure of devices and structures. Forensic entomology deals with the of insects in, on, and around human remains to help determine the time and location of death. Forensic evidence deals with evidence from a crime scene. Forensic Specialties (contd.) Forensic Specialties (contd.) Forensic epistemology deals with philosophical knowledge for understanding behavior of states. Forensic odontology is the study of the study of teeth. Forensic psychology and forensic psychiatry deal with human behavior. Forensic Specialties (contd.) Forensic toxicology studies of the effect of drugs and poisons on the body. Forensic Ballistics deal with the use of firearms and ammunition. Questioned document examination is the study of evidence that takes the form of document. Forensic History Forensic The "Eureka" legend of Archimedes can The be considered an early account of the use of forensic science. In this case, by principles of water displacement, Archimedes was able to prove that a crown was not made of gold. crown The earliest account of fingerprint use for The identity was during the 7th century. According to an Arabic merchant, fingerprints were on to a bill, which would then be given to the lender. This bill was recognized as proof. recognized The first written account of using medicine The and entomology to solve criminal cases is in to a book written in China. In one case of a person murdered with a sickle was solved by an investigator who instructed everyone to bring their sickles to one location. Flies gathered on one sickle. The murderer then confessed. murderer In Europe, medical practitioners in the In army began to gather information on cause of death. A army surgeon, studied the effects of death on internal organs. Two surgeons figured out pathology by studying the body after disease. Writings on these topics began to appear. by a French physician, and by a German medical expert. medical Two early examples of forensic science Two demonstrates the increasing use of logic in criminal investigations. In 1784 in Lancaster, John Toms was tried and convicted for murdering Edward Culshaw with a pistol. When the body of Culshaw was examined, a pistol wad found in his head wound matched perfectly with a torn newspaper found in Toms' pocket. In Warwick, a laborer was tried and convicted of the murder of a young maid. She had been drowned in a pool and had the marks of violent assault. The police found footprints and an impression of cloth with a patch in the damp earth near the pool. The breeches of a laborer who had been nearby were examined and matched the impression in the earth. impression ...
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