Chapter 6 - Development of Language and Symbol Use How Children Develop(3rd ed Siegler DeLoache Eisenberg Chapter 6 Symbols l Systems for

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Development of Language and Symbol Use How Children Develop (3rd ed.) Chapter 6
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Symbols l Systems for representing thoughts, feelings, and knowledge and communicating them to others l The creative and flexible use of symbols is the capacity that most sets humans apart from other species .
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Overview l I. Language Development l II. Nonlinguistic Symbols and Development
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I. Language Development A. The Components of Language B. What is Required for Language? C. The Process of Language Acquisition D. Current Theoretical Issues in Language Development
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I. Language Development l By 5 years of age, children have mastered the basic structure of their native language, whether spoken or manually signed.
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Using Language Involves. .. l Language comprehension: Refers to understanding what others say (or sign or write) l Language production: Refers to actually speaking (or signing or writing) to others Language Comprehension Language Production
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A. The Components of Language l Learning the language’s sounds and sound patterns, its specific words, and the ways in which the language allows words to be combined l Using the finite set of words in our vocabulary, we can put together an infinite number of sentences and express an infinite number of ideas—a process described as generativity.
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Required Competencies for Learning Language Phonological Development Semantic Development Syntactic Development Pragmatic Development
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Required Competencies for Learning Language l Phonological development: the acquisition of knowledge about phonemes, the elementary units of sound that distinguish meaning l Semantic development: learning the system for expressing meaning in a language, beginning with morphemes, the smallest unit of meaning in a language l Syntactic development: learning the syntax or rules for combining words l Pragmatic development: acquiring knowledge of how language is used, which includes understanding a variety of conversational conventions
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Metalinguistic Knowledge l Adults, unlike young children, also have some understanding of the properties and function of language (metalinguistic knowledge) . l An example of metalinguistic knowledge is knowing that only certain word combinations are acceptable as sentences.
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B. What Is Required for Language? l What does it take to be able to learn a language in the first place? l Full-fledged language is achieved only by humans, but only if they have experience with other humans using language for communication.
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1. A Human Brain l The key to full-fledged language development is in the human brain: l Language is a species-specific behavior Only humans acquire a communication system with the complexity, structure, and generativity of language. l
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course PSY 330 taught by Professor Patriciamiller during the Fall '10 term at S.F. State.

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Chapter 6 - Development of Language and Symbol Use How Children Develop(3rd ed Siegler DeLoache Eisenberg Chapter 6 Symbols l Systems for

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