Chapter 14

Chapter 14 - Moral Development How Children Develop (3rd...

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Moral Development How Children Develop (3rd ed.) Chapter 14
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Troubling Questions l The Columbine tragedy and incidents like it raise questions about why some adolescents become involved in antisocial and illegal behavior. l The starting point for finding answers is in understanding aspects of children’s thinking and behavior that contribute to morality.
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Overview l I. Moral Judgment l II. The Early Development of Conscience l III. Prosocial Behavior l IV. Antisocial Behavior
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I. Moral Judgment A. Piaget’s Theory of Moral Judgment B. Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Judgment C. Prosocial Moral Judgment D. Domains of Social Judgment
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I. Moral Judgment Core Concepts: 1. The reasoning behind a behavior is critical for determining whether a given behavior is moral or immoral. 2. Changes in moral reasoning form the basis of moral development.
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Contributors to Current Understanding Both took a cognitive developmental approach to studying the development of morality Jean  Piaget Lawrence  Kohlberg
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A. Piaget’s Theory of Moral Judgment l In his book, The Moral Judgment of the Child , Piaget described how children’s moral reasoning changes from a rigid acceptance of the dictates and rules of authorities to an appreciation that moral rules are a product of social interaction and hence are modifiable. l Piaget’s method initially involved observing children’s games. l He also conducted open-ended interviews with children in which they were presented with stories involving children’s behavior and asked to make judgments as to which child was naughtier.
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Piaget’s Theory of Moral Judgment Morality of  Constraint Transition Period Autonomous Morality
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1. Morality of Constraint l Characterizes the moral reasoning of children who have not yet reached the cognitive stage of concrete operations. l See rules and duties as unchangeable “givens” established by an adult l Believe that what determines whether an action is good or bad is the consequence of the action, not the motive behind it
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2. The Transitional Period l From about age 7 or 8 to age 10 l Because of increased peer interaction, children learn that rules can be constructed by the group and increasingly learn to take one another’s perspective, thereby becoming more autonomous in their thinking about moral issues.
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3. Autonomous Morality l By about age 11 or 12, moral relativism emerges, with all normal children reaching this stage. l Understand that rules can be changed if a group agrees to do so l Consider fairness and equality among people as important factors in constructing rules l Consider individuals’ motives when evaluating their crimes
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4. Evaluation of Piaget’s Theory l Although Piaget’s general view of moral development has been supported by empirical research, some aspects have not held up well to scrutiny. l
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This note was uploaded on 11/10/2011 for the course PSY 330 taught by Professor Patriciamiller during the Fall '10 term at S.F. State.

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Chapter 14 - Moral Development How Children Develop (3rd...

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