Basic Chemistry

Basic Chemistry - Chemistry Matter Matter = any material...

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Chemistry
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Matter Matter = any material substance with Mass & Volume
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Matter Solid Liquid Gas comes in 3 phases
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Solid Definite Shape Definite Volume
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Liquid Indefinite Shape takes the shape of the container Definite Volume
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Gas Indefinite Shape takes the shape of the container Indefinite Volume can expand and be compressed
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Elements one of the 100+ pure substances that make up everything in the universe
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Examples of Elements H = Hydrogen C = Carbon O = Oxygen N = Nitrogen S = Sulfur Na = Sodium Ca = Calcium K = Potassium I = Iodine Cl = Chlorine P = Phosphorus
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Atom the smallest particle making up elements
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Sub-atomic Particles Protons   p +  -  positive  charge, in nucleus   Electrons - e -   negative charge, orbiting nucleus   Neutrons   n 0  – no charge,   in nucleus  
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Drawing an Atom of Carbon C 12.011 6 Atomic Mass Atomic # minus Atomic # = # of n 0 = # of p + and # of e - Carbon has 6 p + and 6 e - Carbon has 6 n 0
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Drawing an Atom of Carbon 6 p + 6 n 0 e - e - e - e - e - e -
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Basic Chemistry - Chemistry Matter Matter = any material...

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