plastic recycling starter

plastic recycling starter - Starter Starter Why are rubbish...

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Unformatted text preview: Starter Starter Why are rubbish dumps thought to Why be a bad thing? be What does recycling mean? Uses of plastics - Statistics Uses Types of Plastic Types PET Polyethylene terephthalate - Fizzy drink bottles and oven-ready meal trays. HDPE High-density polyethylene - Bottles for milk and washing-up liquids. PVC Polyvinyl chloride - Food trays, cling film, bottles for squash, mineral water and shampoo. LDPE Low density polyethylene - Carrier bags and bin liners. PP Polypropylene - Margarine tubs, microwaveable meal trays. PS Polystyrene - Yoghurt pots, foam meat or fish trays, hamburger boxes and egg cartons, vending cups, plastic cutlery, protective packaging for electronic goods and toys. OTHER Any other plastics that do not fall into any of the above categories. - An example is melamine, which is often used in plastic plates and cups. Percentage that can be recycled recycled About 7% of all household waste is About plastic. plastic. Annually, 3 million tonnes of plastic Annually, rubbish are produced. rubbish 57% of litter found on beaches is plastic. In 2001 only 7% of all plastic was In recycled. Is this the case in your household? household? Why recycle plastic? Why Conservation of non-renewable fossil fuels Conservation Plastic production uses 8% of the world's oil production. production. Reduced consumption of energy. Reduced Reduced amounts of solid waste going to Reduced landfill. Reduced emissions of carbon-dioxide (CO2), ), nitrogen-oxide (NO) and sulphur-dioxide (SO2). nitrogen-oxide ). How are polymers recycled? How Mechanical recycling of plastics refers to Mechanical processes which involve the melting, shredding or granulation of waste plastics. or Plastics must be sorted prior to mechanical Plastics recycling. recycling. At the moment in the UK most sorting for At mechanical recycling is done by trained staff who manually sort the plastics into polymer type and/or colour. More More Following sorting, the plastic is either Following melted down directly and moulded into a new shape, or melted down after being shredded into flakes and than processed into granules called regranulate. into What can we do? What An increasing number of local authorities are now providing An plastics collection services. Research by RECOUP has shown that local authorities can achieve cost-effective high-achieving plastics collection systems by integrating plastic bottle collection with other recyclable materials. For example, Daventry District Council introduced such a system in 1998 and has been able to increase recycling rates from 12% to nearly 50%. 50%. In Adur, West Sussex, and Milton Keynes in Buckinghamshire, In plastic bottles and polystyrene are collected through 'blue box' schemes, where residents place recyclable materials in a separate box for sorting by the refuse collectors at the kerbside. Plastics and other materials are sorted into a compartmentalised vehicle, then taken to the Materials Reclamation Facility (MRF) for final sorting before transport to reprocessing plants. reprocessing This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com is home to over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This is a completely free site and requires no registration. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching. ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course CHEM 201 taught by Professor Peterson during the Fall '11 term at BYU.

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