english rules lesson 4

english rules lesson 4 - Subject/Verb Agreement A singular...

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Unformatted text preview: Subject/Verb Agreement A singular subject needs a singular verb, and a plural subject needs a plural verb. (Reminder: The verb is the action word in the sentence. The subject is who or what does the action.) the Subjects and verbs must work together. They must agree. A verb that ends in a single -s, -es, or -ies is used with a singular noun. Examples Examples Singular Subject Singular Verb Old Dan bellows Little Ann shares Fire glows Mama fixes A verb that does not end in a does single s, es, or ies is used with a plural noun. plural Examples Examples Plural Subject Plural Verb Old Dan and Little Ann bellow The coon hounds share The two fires glow Billy’s parents fix The raccoon [singular subject] The jumps [singular verb] into the sycamore tree. The raccoons [plural subject] The jump [plural verb] into the sycamore tree. sycamore Little Ann [singular subject] is Little [singular verb] kind. Little Ann and Old Dan [plural Little subject] are [plural verb] kind. subject] Brain Pop Brain Watch the Brain Pop movie, then try the Watch quiz. quiz. http://www.brainpop.com/english/grammar/sub No big deal? Usually not. Here are a few rules just in case you find yourself confused. confused. Don’t be confused by plural words that come after the verb. verb. Wrong Wrong Billy’s biggest problem are the Billy’s many sleepless nights. many Right Billy’s biggest problem [singular Billy’s subject] is [singular verb] the many sleepless nights. many Which is correct? Which a) The hound search for The mountain lions. mountain b) The hound searches for b) The mountain lions. mountain Correct Correct b) The hound searches for The mountain lions. mountain hound searches hound Which is correct? Which a) Old Dan see raccoons. Old b) Old Dan sees raccoons. b) Correct Correct b) Old Dan sees raccoons. Old Dan sees Don’t be confused by plural words that come between a singular subject and the verb. verb. Wrong Wrong The topic of these books are dogs. Right The topic [singular subject] of these books is [singular verb] is dogs. dogs. Wrong Wrong Each of the dogs hunt well. Right Each [singular subject] of the dogs Each hunts [singular verb] well. hunts Wrong Wrong Every one of the members of both Every hunting teams are here. hunting Right Every one [singular subject] of the members of both hunting teams members is [singular verb] here. is Which is correct? Which a) Each of the traps needs to be Each set. b) Each of the traps need to be b) Each set. set. Correct Correct a) Each of the traps needs to be Each set. Each needs Each Which is correct? Which a) The boy in the brown shoes The wants a lollipop. b) The boy in the brown shoes b) The want a lollipop. want Correct Correct a) The boy in the brown shoes The wants a lollipop. Boy wants Boy Don’t be confused by phrases such as along with, together with, accompanied by, as well as, including and in addition to. in Wrong Wrong Little Ann, as well as Old Dan, like Little to hunt. to Right Little Ann [singular subject] , as Little well as Old Dan, likes [singular verb] to hunt. verb] Wrong Wrong Billy, in addition to all the other Billy, boys in the mountains, grow up loving hound dogs. loving Right Billy [singular subject], in addition Billy to all the other boys in the mountains, grows [singular verb] up loving hound dogs. up Which is correct? Which a) Papa, as well as Mama, worries Papa, about Billy being out all night long. long. b) Papa, as well as Mama, worry Papa, about Billy being out all night long. long. Correct Correct a) Papa, as well as Mama, worries Papa, about Billy being out all night long. long. Papa worries Which is correct? Which a) Cornbread, in addition to some Cornbread, warm milk, are good for puppies. puppies. b) Cornbread, in addition to some Cornbread, warm milk, is good for puppies. warm Correct Correct b) Cornbread, in addition to some Cornbread, warm milk, is good for puppies. warm Cornbread is Don’t be confused by either/or and neither/nor. either/or Neither Billy nor Little Ann knows which way the raccoon ran. (Both parts are singular, so use a singular verb.) singular Neither the boys nor the girls know which way the raccoon ran. (Both parts are plural, so use a plural verb.) plural Neither the dogs nor Billy knows which way the raccoon ran. (One part is plural and one part is singular. The singular part comes right before the verb, so use a singular verb.) use Neither Billy nor the hounds know which way the raccoon ran. (One part is plural and one part is singular. The plural part comes right before the verb, so use a plural verb.) plural Wrong Wrong Either Little Ann or Old Dan hunt Either during the heat of the summer. during Right Either Little Ann or Old Dan hunts during the heat of the summer. summer. Which is correct? Which a) Neither the boys or their mother Neither sings in the church choir. sings b) Neither the boys or their mother Neither sing in the church choir. sing Correct Correct a) Neither the boys or their mother Neither sings in the church choir. sings Mother sings Which is correct? Which a) Either Grandpa or Billy grind Either corn at the general store. corn b) Either Grandpa or Billy grinds Either corn at the general store. corn Correct Correct b) Either Grandpa or Billy grinds b) corn at the general store. corn Either (one) grinds Don’t be confused by noun phrases referring to a single unit. unit. Sometimes a noun phrase sounds plural but describes something we think of as a single unit. These noun phrases take a singular verb. singular Spaghetti and meatballs is Spaghetti [singular] my favorite dinner. [singular] Ice cream and cake is [singular] Ice my favorite dessert. my Wrong Wrong Peanut butter and jelly are Billy’s Peanut favorite sandwich. favorite Right Peanut butter and jelly is Billy’s Peanut favorite sandwich. favorite Which is correct? Which a) Macaroni and cheese is a Macaroni healthy food. healthy b) Macaroni and cheese are a Macaroni healthy food. healthy Correct Correct a) Macaroni and cheese is a Macaroni healthy food. healthy Don’t be confused by nouns that look plural but are actually singular. actually The news [singular] of the coon news hunt spreads through the town. through Mumps [singular] makes one's Mumps makes cheeks hurt and causes swelling and fever. Mathematics [singular] is my best subject in school. subject Which is correct? Which a) Measles is contagious. b) Measles are contagious. Correct Correct a) Measles is contagious. Don’t be confused by nouns of amount. nouns Use a singular verb with sums of money or periods of time. Wrong Wrong Five hundred dollars are a lot of money. money. Right Five hundred dollars is a lot of Five money. money. Wrong Wrong Three hours are a long time to wait. wait. Right Three hours is a long time to Three wait. wait. Which is correct? Which a) Forty dollars buy two coon Forty hounds. hounds. b) Forty dollars buys two coon Forty hounds. hounds. Correct Correct b) Forty dollars buys two coon Forty hounds. hounds. Which is correct? Which a) Two years totals a long time for Billy to save his money. for b) Two years total a long time for Billy to save his money. Billy Correct Correct a) Two years totals a long time for Billy to save his money. for Practice – Number your paper from 1 to 15. Write the correct answer for each of the following items. items. 1. Billy (fix, fixes) breakfast before 1. heading home. 2. The boy pup (play, plays) with the girl pup. 3. Each of the names (sound, sounds) perfect to Billy's ears. 4. With his extra money, Billy (buy, buys) gifts for his family. 5. Ma (cry, cries) with relief when she sees that Billy is safe. 6. Billy names the boy pup Old Dan. He (like, likes) the sound of the name. 7. Billy tells his sisters about the soda pop. It (taste, tastes) sweet and bubbly. 8. The fire escape was a pipe that ran up the side of the building. It (appear, appears) funny-looking. 9. Little Ann was the smartest of the two hounds. She (guide, guides) Old Dan out of trouble. 10. Papa easily forgives Billy for running off. He (know, knows) he would have done the same thing at Billy's age. 11. Which of the following is written correctly? correctly? a) Billy want to go to school. b) Grandpa loves to tease Billy. c) Daisy give milk each day. d) Papa please Mama with a hug. 12. Which of the following sentences does not contain a mistake? does a) She eat the candy one piece at a She time. b) News spread quickly through the b) News mountains. c) Neither Billy or his grandpa like c) Neither eating raw eggs . d) Wilson Rawls narrates a wonderful d) Wilson story! story! 13. Choose the answer that is written correctly. correctly. a) One of the dogs bellows through the One night. b) The woman with all the dogs talk to b) The Billy at the store. c) The boy on the playground fight c) The Billy. d) Everybody play games in the d) Everybody schoolyard. schoolyard. 14. Which of the following sentences does not contain a mistake? does a) The family love to eat dinner at 6:00 The P.M. b) Everyone sees Billy in his overalls. b) Everyone c) An old K. C. Baking Powder can fill c) An to the top with coins. d) Billy count his money every day until d) Billy he has enough to buy the pups. he 15. Choose the answer that is written correctly. a) Each day brings a new joy to a) Each Billy. b) Either Little Ann or Old Dan play b) Either games through the woods going home. home. c) Billy love his grandpa. Billy d) It sound like the mountain lion d) It would cry all night long. This powerpoint was kindly donated to www.worldofteaching.com http://www.worldofteaching.com Is home to well over a thousand powerpoints submitted by teachers. This a free site. Please visit and I hope it will help in your teaching ...
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