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Philosophy (1)

Philosophy (1) - The Philosophy of Education Chapter 5 What...

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The Philosophy of Education Chapter 5
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What is Philosophy of Education All teachers have a personal philosophy that colors the way they teach Engaging in philosophy helps clarify what they do or intend to do, justify or explain why they do what they do in a logical, systematic manner
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Understanding two important notions Who they are or intend to be Why they do or propose to do what they do Eric Berne’s three important questions: Who am I? Why am I here? Who are all these other people, and what do they want of me?
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The meaning of Philosophical Inquiry “Whatever people choose to embrace, if their choices are made in a logical, rational manner, they are engaged in the process of ‘doing philosophy.’” Three specific areas of philosophical inquiry: metaphysics concerned with questions about the nature of reality; epistemology concerned with the nature of knowledge; axiology concerned with the nature of values
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Particular Philosophies of Education Idealism, the first systematic philosophy in Western thought…Socrates and Plato, the Socratic method was dialogue Generic notions: Philosophers often pose abstract questions that are not easily answered but are concerned with the search for truth World of matter in constant state of flux, senses are not to be trusted, continually deceive us Truth is perfect and eternal, but not found in the world of matter, only through the mind
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Idealism The only constant for Plato was mathematics, unchangeable and eternal Plato’s method of dialogue engaged in systematic, logical examination of all points of view…ultimately leading to agreement and a synthesis of ideas…this approach known as the dialectic.
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Idealism Plato believed education helped move individuals collectively toward achieving the good. The State should be involved in education, moving brighter students toward abstract ideas and the less able toward collecting data…a gender free tracking system Those who were brighter should rule, others should assume roles to maintain the state The philosopher-king would lead the State to the ultimate good
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