List and define the 2 types of human chromosomes How many...

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Ch. 12 – Genetics - Study Guide Define: Genetics- the study of inheritance Inheritance- the passing on of genes from parent to offspring Trait- any characteristic of an organism Autosomal chromosomes- controls traits that do not relate to gender Sex chromosomes- contains the genes that control gender Gene-piece of dna that codes for a trait Amniocentesis- removes fluid surrounding the fetus to obtain an analyze fetal cells to diagnose genetic disorders Pedigree- showing family phenotype information about a certain trait Short Answer/List: 1. List and define the 2 types of human chromosomes. How many of each type do we have?

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