RL-Nanoethics-4

RL-Nanoethics-4 - Application to Questions of Justice and...

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Application to Questions of Justice and Social Welfare: Introduction Nanoethics Lecture IV Roderick T. Long Auburn Dept. of Philosophy
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Distributive Justice How should the benefits of, and/or the control over, nanotechnology be distributed? Moral issue: principles Practical issue: implementation
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John Rawls (1921-2002) Most influential theory of distributive justice in recent decades: A Theory of Justice (1971) Political Liberalism (1993) Justice As Fairness (2001)
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John Rawls (1921-2002) A version of contractarianism (standard of rightness is what rational people do , or under appropriate conditions would , agree to) but influenced by Kant (principles must be universalizable and treat people as ends, not mere means )
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Rawls’ Veil of Ignorance Considerations that block consensus on principles of justice are also unfair to rely on in choosing such principles: how they impact - one’s interest group - one’s conception of the good
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Rawls’ Veil of Ignorance Choose principles of justice as though you don’t know your interest group (race, gender, income, age, health, etc.) and conception of the good (religious, moral, and lifestyle preferences)
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Maximin : choose the option whose worst possible outcome is preferable to the worst possible outcome of any rival option. Not a general principle of choice, but a
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course PHIL 110 taught by Professor Markjones during the Winter '11 term at BYU.

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RL-Nanoethics-4 - Application to Questions of Justice and...

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