RL-Nanoethics-6a

RL-Nanoethics-6a - centuries BCE n Influential throughout...

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Western and Nonwestern Ethical Approaches Nanoethics Lecture VI Roderick T. Long Auburn Dept. of Philosophy
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Western Ethics Two of the principal influences on western ethics are the Greco-Roman tradition . ..
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Western Ethics ... and the Judeo-Christian tradition
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Islam and the West The Islamic world also draws on both these traditions: n shares common roots with Judaism and Christianity, and accepts Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other Biblical figures as Muslim prophets n preserved and extended the Greek scientific and philosophical tradition during the Middle Ages
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Nonwestern Ethics Other traditions, outside the Greco-Roman and Judeo- Christian-Islamic traditions, have shaped many cultures’ perceptions of human nature, moral duty, happiness, and the just society
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Nonwestern Ethics Five examples: 1. Taoism 2. Confucianism 3. Akan Teachings 4. Hinduism 5. Buddhism
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1. Taoism and 2. Confucianism n Both originated in China, 6th-4th
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Unformatted text preview: centuries BCE n Influential throughout East Asia n Both tend to emphasize Virtue Ethics focus on having the right character and attitudes n Taoist classic Tao Te Ching ( Daodejing ) is supposedly the second most frequently translated book in the world (after the Bible) 1. Taoism (Daoism) Lao-tzu (Laozi: formerly considered Chuang-tzu (Zhuangzi: 6th, now 4th c. BCE ) 370-301 BCE ) 1. Taoism (Daoism) n Tao ( dao ) means way both the way the world works, and the way for humans to live in harmony with it n In most cultures (including China before Taoism) art has focused on the human form, but Taoism introduced a focus on the independent value of the natural world (later influencing Western art) n Taoism stresses adapting yourself to the natural flow of events rather than trying to impose your will...
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RL-Nanoethics-6a - centuries BCE n Influential throughout...

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