Ch12 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter12 Motivation...

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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter 12 Motivation James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers
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Motivation Motivation a need or desire that energizes and  directs behavior Instinct complex behavior that is rigidly  patterned throughout a species and is  unlearned
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Motivation Drive-Reduction Theory the idea that a physiological need creates an  aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates  an organism to satisfy the need Drive-reducing behaviors (eating, drinking) Need (e.g., for food, water) Drive (hunger, thirst)
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Motivation Homeostasis tendency to maintain a balanced or  constant internal state regulation of any aspect of body  chemistry around a particular level Incentive a positive or negative environmental  stimulus that motivates behavior
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs begins at the  base with  physiological  needs that must  first be satisfied then higher-level  safety needs  become active  then  psychological  needs become  active Self-actualization needs Need to live up to one’s fullest and unique potential Esteem needs Need for self-esteem, achievement, competence, and independence; need for recognition and respect from others Safety needs Need to feel that the world is organized and predictable; need to feel safe, secure, and stable Belongingness and love needs Need to love and be loved, to belong and be accepted; need to avoid loneliness and alienation Physiological needs Need to satisfy hunger and thirst
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Stomach contractions accompany our feelings of hunger 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Time in minutes Subject swallows balloon, which
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Ch12 - Myers PSYCHOLOGY (6th Ed) Chapter12 Motivation...

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