Coon_13 - Chapter 13 Gender and Sexuality Table of Contents...

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Table of Contents Exit Chapter 13 Gender and Sexuality
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Table of Contents Exit Defining Some Terms Sex: Whether you are biologically male or female Gender: All the psychological and social characteristics associated with being male or female; defined by one’s gender identity and learned gender roles Primary Sexual Characteristics: Sexual and internal reproductive organs Secondary Sexual Characteristics: Features other than genitals and reproductive organs (breasts, facial hair, etc.) that appear at puberty Menarche: Onset of menstruation; a woman’s first menstrual period
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Table of Contents Exit Some More Terms to Know Ovulation: Release of ova (eggs) from the ovaries Menopause: End of monthly menstrual cycles; usually occurs in the late 40’s or early 50’s Gonads: Sex glands; testes in males and ovaries in females Estrogens: Female Hormones Androgens: Male hormones Testosterone: Male sex hormone (androgen) secreted mainly by the testes
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Table of Contents Exit Dimensions of Sex Genetic Sex: XX or XY chromosomes Gonadal Sex: Ovaries or testes Hormonal Sex: Predominance of androgens or estrogens Genital Sex: Clitoris and vagina in females; penis and scrotum in males Gender Identity: One’s subjective sense of being male or female
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Table of Contents Exit Fig. 13.1 Cutaway view of internal and external male reproductive structures.
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Table of Contents Exit Fig. 13.2 Cutaway view of internal and external female reproductive structures
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Table of Contents Exit Prenatal Sexual Development Androgen Insensitivity: Inherited disorder; male embryos fail to develop male genitals because of an unresponsiveness to testosterone Intersexual Person: Ambiguous genital sexuality; having genitals that suggest both sexes Androgenital Syndrome: Genetic abnormality; adrenals produce excess androgen, sometimes creating a female child with male genitals before birth Biological Biasing Effect: Exposure to prenatal androgens and estrogens may influence the body, nervous system, and later behavior patterns
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Table of Contents Exit Fig. 13.3 Prenatal development of the reproductive organs. Early development of ovaries or testes affects hormonal balance and alters sexual anatomy. ( a) At first the sex organs are the same in the human female and male. (b) When androgens are absent, female structures begin to develop. (c) Male sex organs are produced when androgens are present.
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Table of Contents Exit Gender Roles Sometimes known as sex roles; favored pattern of behavior for males and females E.g. girls are expected to be sensitive, and boys dominant Gender Role Stereotypes: Oversimplified beliefs (stereotypes) about what men and women are really like Gender roles appear to be learned Instrumental Behaviors: Goal-directed behaviors Expressive Behaviors: Expresses or communicates emotion or personal feelings
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Table of Contents Exit Fig. 13.4 Recorded differences in various abilities that exist between women and men are based on averages . For example, if we were to record the number of men and women who have low, medium, or high scores on tests of language ability, we might obtain graphs like those shown.
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course PSYCH 210 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at BYU.

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Coon_13 - Chapter 13 Gender and Sexuality Table of Contents...

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