Personality slides

Personality slides - Industrial-Organizational Psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: Industrial-Organizational Psychology Learning Module Personality and Work Prepared by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology - SIOP Lesson Objectives What is meant by personality. A brief history of personality theory and research. The elements of the most commonly accepted model of personality - the Five-Factor Model (Big Five or FFM). How personality has been shown to affect job performance and other work-related outcomes. Why and how organizational managers use personality assessment as a tool in decision-making. At the end of this lecture, you should understand: Prepared by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology - SIOP What is Personality? Internal perspective: Processes within an individual that explain why he or she behaves in characteristic ways. Attitudes, emotions, ways of thinking Fairly stable across time and situations Partly inherited External perspective: How the individual is perceived by others that he or she interacts with (reputation). She has a great personality! Shaped by two fundamental motives related to social interaction Getting along with others (cooperation) Getting ahead of others (competition) Personality Theory and Research Allport: Cardinal and Central Traits Cattell: Sixteen Personality Factors Eysenck: Extraversion, Neuroticism, and Psychoticism Prepared by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology - SIOP Personality, Organizations, and the Organization of Personality Early researchers believed the personality-job performance relationship was weak. Reasons: Comparatively weak analytic techniques. Inappropriate measures (most used psychopathology inventories, e.g., MMPI). No theoretical framework on which to base research findings. The belief that behavior is determined more by situations than by traits (Mischel,1968). Research and theoretical innovations that rehabilitated personality in late 80s, early 90s. Meta-analysis: A new quantitative method for summarizing research findings. The Five-Factor Model: A new organizing taxonomy for personality structure (The Big Five). The Five-Factor Model Premise: Personality can be efficiently described with five relatively independent trait dimensions. Model derived from factor-analytic studies of much larger sets of traits. Factor analysis: A method for reducing a large set of data into something interpretable Allport & Odbert (1936): Identified more than 18,000 trait terms in unabridged dictionary Eventually factor analyzed into five dimensions Five-factor model reproduced across many cultures and languages (Saucier, Hampson, & Goldberg, 2000)....
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Personality slides - Industrial-Organizational Psychology...

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