Crampton study guide

Crampton study guide - Crampton Bio 2011: Study/Revision...

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Unformatted text preview: Crampton Bio 2011: Study/Revision Guide SUGGESTIONS ON HOW TO STUDY AND DO WELL IN BIO‐II 1. Studying: 1. Read the relevant chapter BEFORE class. This will mean you have a good understanding of the subject and can focus on listening to the lecture rather than scrambling to write. 2. Read to UNDERSTAND. It is not sufficient to simply remember what you are reading as a string of facts. You must understand what it is all about. Those who do well are the people who can make conceptual links between the topics that we cover (i.e. they “get it”). If you don’t “get it” – read it again until you do. 3. COME TO MY LECTURES! Many of you don’t. I don’t enforce attendance so if you want to stay in bed that’s fine by me … but you will lose out. My lectures give you an idea of what the exams will focus on, and give you an opportunity to listen to my explanation of the material. Write notes – but not so voluminously that you don’t have time to listen. Remember – I post all the text that you see – so there is no need for you to copy what is on the screen. Write notes on the key concepts, and make a note of which figures I take time to explain. 4. When my lecture notes are posted COMBINE these notes with your lecture notes and a SECOND READING of the book chapter. At this stage everything should make sense, and you should know what areas of the chapter I emphasized. Write down a synthesis of concepts and key terms. Do flow diagrams to help you understand how topics are related. 5. Do the concept checks, and do the Self‐Quizzes in the text book. Use Mastering Biology if you like. 6. If you still don’t understand something – look for me in my office hours, or ask in the review session. 2. Revision: 1. If you follow steps 1‐6 above you are in good shape to revise, because you already understand the material. Now is the time to refresh your understanding of the concepts, and memorize some of those facts. 2. When you revise you need to be clear minded. Do the following practical things to increase your performance: i. Keep your life tidy. Find the time to study and take care of things like bills, parking fines etc. so that your mind is not fuddled. FOCUS! ii. Work in a noise‐free, tidy, and well lit place. Clean your apartment and buy some strong desk lamps if you need to. Go to the library and find a quiet corner if that is better. FOCUS! iii. Eat before you study and have plenty of water/soft drinks. Go easy on the coffee. Avoid caffeine pills. FOCUS! 1 Crampton Bio 2011: Study/Revision Guide iii. Don’t do e‐mail or text messaging while you are studying FOCUS! It ‘s amazing how much more work you can get done if you don’t try to multitask. iv. Revise in a group if you need to – but don’t lose too much time chatting …. FOCUS! v. Avoid unnecessary social engagements during the days preceding exams – but at the same time don’t over‐ do it. It is important to maintain a balanced state of mind by enjoying the company of your friends. 3. Review YOUR NOTES and refresh your understanding of concepts and patterns. Do this within 5 days of the exam if possible. 4. Write lists or flashcards of things that you know you’ll need to commit to short‐term memory. Do this within 2 days of the exam if possible. “Last minute” revision can be helpful because you can exploit short term memory – but make sure you sleep well before the exam… at least 5 hours to perform normally. 5. Have breaks with friends to test each other on your understanding. 3. Announcements 4. WATCH WEB COURSES FOR ANNOUNCEMENTS AND UPDATES. In the week before an exam there will be more activity on the site. 4. Exam Strategy: 1. Make sure you arrive well on time. Do not get yourself unnecessarily stressed. 2. Use all the time available. Use time at the end to double check all your answers. 3. READ THE QUESTIONS VERY CAREFULLY. I am testing you on your ability to answer the questions. EVERY SINGLE WORD is there for a reason. 4. AGAIN..READ THE QUESTION CAREFULLY 5. Look at the question BEFORE looking at the answer. Try to answer the question before looking at the answer options. 6. If you can’t answer question immediately, read through options and answer by process of elimination. Eliminate the obvious ones first. If you take it down to two options and simply don’t know – guess! ... but mark that question and return to it at the end of the test. Something may jog your memory later. 7. Sometimes the answer to one question may be hidden in another question. This is another reason to double check everything. 8. Have a strategy. Mark questions in left margin of question sheet using your own system: e.g. Tick = dead certain answer. > = hard (go back at end). >> = double hard (go back at end after the > questions). * = hard to guess (go back at end). 2 Crampton Bio 2011: Study/Revision Guide DO NOT WRITE IN MARGINS OF THE SCANTRON, ... ONLY YOUR QUESTION SHEET. 8. Never let the pattern of answers on scantron influence your decisions. For instance if you answer three option‐As in a row and think the next one is option‐A , then answer it that way. NEVER think “it can’t be an A because there are already three in a row”... Sometimes this kind of thing happens during re‐assortment of questions for the different versions. We are not trying to trick you. JUST ANSWER THE QUESTION! 9. RELAX, CÁLMATE ‐ a certain level of anxiety is helpful, but if you are too stressed you may misread questions. Concluding notes: Bio II is an introduction to life itself. I enjoy lecturing on the subject and hope you enjoy my lectures. The more you enjoy it, and the more you appreciate the wonders of the subject, the better you will do. Good luck everybody ! 3 ...
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