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GIS3043_Lecture_08 - GIS3043C Fall2010...

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GIS3043C GIS for Environmental Studies Fall 2010 Michael J. Gilbrook, GISP, AICP Frank Salmon, GISP Lecture 08 Cartography & Map Making
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Objectives for Tonight’s Class Learning the Components of a Map Understanding Good Map Design Issues Map orientation Applying Bertin’s visual variables Good label placement Understanding Map Scale Absolute vs. relative scales Verbal vs. graphical scales Appropriate scales for various map types Map Examples Fall 2010 Lecture #08 Slide Number 2
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Fall 2010 Lecture #08 Slide Number 3 Elements of a Map Map Body Neatline Graticule Source  or Notes Title Legend or Key North Arrow Scale Label
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Fall 2010 Lecture #08 Slide Number 4 Map Layout Design “Traditional” Design Title at top Key at bottom Map body doesn’t fit well into  available space Title and Key not integrated,  don’t support one another Better, Integrated Design Map body fills page Title and Key in proximity to  better support one another
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Fall 2010 Lecture #08 Slide Number 5 Layout - Neatline & Graticule Neatline Optional element Provides a visual border Guides trimming May interfere with binding Graticule Optional element Provides locational  reference grid Coordinates/Units Geographic (DMS, DD) Map Projection (ft, m)
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Fall 2010 Lecture #08 Slide Number 6 Layout – North Arrow & Scale North Arrow Many different designs Points up by default, maps 
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