Lecture5-Adult & Elderly Health

Lecture5-Adult & Elderly Health - Determinants of...

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1 1 Determinants of Health: Adult Health & Behavior 2 Determinants of Health 1. Genetic predisposition 2. Environmental 3. Biological 4. Behavior 5. Social 6. Medical care 7. Multifactoral 3 Genetic Predisposition ± Mortality rates are higher for men ± Peak of fitness is after adolescence Race ± Susceptibility may be related to ethnicity
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2 4 Environmental ± ² Radiation ² Elements ² Air ² Water 5 Biological ± Microorganisms ± Products ± Dietary nutrients 6 Behavioral ± Single most controllable determinant ± Tobacco use ± Diet & physical inactivity ± Alcohol ± Unprotected sex ± Substance abuse ± Firearms
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3 7 Social/Cultural ± ± Poverty increased risk of illness/death ± Education 8 Social/Cultural ± Religious beliefs ± Associated customs ± Diet ± Sexual practices 9 Medical Care ± Greater survival rates ± Both ends of life spectrum ± Importance of medical care grows ± Trends will continue ± Advances are forecast
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4 10 Multifactoral ± Tuberculosis ± Cholera ± Malaria 11 Adult Health TRENDS IN MORTALITY ± Today’s risk factors are related to lifestyle : 12 Leading Causes of Death Ages 25 - 64 Heart Disease Cancer Stroke
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Lecture5-Adult & Elderly Health - Determinants of...

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