slides handout Lecture 12 protists and fungi ch 26 and 29

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Unformatted text preview: Exam
II 
 •  •  •  •  •  
 Exam
II
review
for
 1.
Photosynthesis
(Ch
9)
 2.
Origen
of
life
and
Systematics
(Ch
21,
23)
 3.
Virus
and
Prokaryotes
(Bacteria
and
Archae),
(ch
24,
25)
 4.
Protists
and
Fungi
(ch
26,
29)
 
 
Nov.
4,
7:15‐8:15
pm
‐
ARC
103
 General
Biology
01:119:101‐Fall
2011
 Dr.
Monica
Torres
 Outline 
 Chapter
26.
Protists,
pp.

537‐560.
 ‐ Characteristics:
body
plan
(unicellular,
multicellular,
colony,
 coenocyte)
,
nutrition
and
locomotion
 ‐ Evolutionary
relationship
among
Eukaryotes.
Evolution
of
 Protists.
Monophyletic
vs
Paraphyletic
group.
Hypothesis
of
 serial
endosymbiosis.
 ‐ Characteristics
of
Euglenoids,
Dinflagelates,
Diatoms,
Brown
 algae,
Red
algae,
Green
algae.
 ‐ 
Life
cycles
 General
Biology
01:119:101‐Fall
2011
 Dr.
Monica
Torres
 Outline 
 Chapter
29.
Fungus,
pp.
601‐625.
 ‐ Characteristics:
multicellular,
no
photosynthetic,
absorptive
 heterotrophs,
chitin.
 ‐ Body
plan:
hyphae
(types),
mycelium,
reproductive
structures:
 spores
and
fruiting
body
 ‐ Classification
(characteristics
and
life
cycles):
Chytridomycetes,
 Zygomycetes

(and

microsporidia),
Glomeromycetes,
Ascomycetes,
 Basidiomycetes.
 ‐ 
Ecological
roles:
decomposers,
mycorhrizae,
lichens,
source
of
 medicines,
human
pathogens,
plant
pathogens.
 Evolutionary
Relationships
Among
Eukaryotes
 Fig. 26-3, p. 541 Chromalveolates Excavates Euglenoids Dinoflagelates Diatoms Brown algae Golden algae Rhizarians General
Biology
01:119:101‐Fall
2011
 Dr.
Monica
Torres
 Archaeplastids Red algae Green algae Land plants Unikonts Fungi Animals Ancestral eukaryote Hypothesis of Serial Endosymbiosis (Fig. 26.2) Fig. 26-6c, p. 545 General
Biology
01:119:101‐Fall
2011
 Dr.
Monica
Torres
 Euglenoids 
 Fig. 26.5 General
Biology
01:119:101‐Fall
2011
 Dr.
Monica
Torres
 Dinoflagellates 
 Fig 26.6 General
Biology
01:119:101‐Fall
2011
 Dr.
Monica
Torres
 Diatoms 
 Fig. 26.10 Brown
Algae 
 (a) Laminaria Fig. 26-11a, p. 550 General
Biology
01:119:101‐Fall
2011
 Dr.
Monica
Torres
 Golden
Algae 
 Fig 26.12 General
Biology
01:119:101‐Fall
2011
 Dr.
Monica
Torres
 Red
Algae 
 Fig. 26-14d, p. 552 Green
Algae 
 Four closely related genera of green algae, showing a progression from unicellular to colonial and multicellular organization. (Molecular Biology of the Cell. Alberts et al. Garland Science; 1994.) Life
Cycle
of
Chlamydomonas 
 Fig. 26-16, p. 554 Fungi 
 Fungus
Body
Plan 
 Fig. 29.1 (c) A hypha divided into cells by septa. Each cell is monokaryotic (has one nucleus). In some taxa the septa are perforated, as shown. (d) A septate hypha. In this hypha, each cell is dikaryotic (has two nuclei). (e) A coenocytic hypha. Fig. 29-1 (c-e), p. 602 Fungal
Spores 
 General Biology 01:119:101-Fall 2011 Dr. Monica Torres Germination
of
a
Spore 
 septa Fig 29.2, p. 603 Sporangia 
 Fig. 29-8, p. 609 Asexual
Reproduction 
 Fig. 29-12. Conidia Currently
Recognized
Groups
of
Fungi 
 Fig. 29-5, p. 606 Characteristics
of
Fungi 
 Table 29-1, p. 606 Life
Cycle
of
a
Zygomycete:
Rhizopus
stolonifer 
 Fig. 29-9, p. 610 Life
Cycle
of
a
 Typical
 Ascomycete 
 The ascocarp (fruiting bod). 29-13, p. 613 Fig. Life
Cycle
of
a
Typical
Basidiomycete 
 Fig. 29-17, p. 616 ...
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