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The following groups of verbs are considered shoe verbs

The following groups of verbs are considered shoe verbs -...

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The following groups of verbs are considered shoe verbs. Observe the special changes that each  requires. Note that sometimes, changes occur outside the shoe in the  nous  or the  nous  and  vous  forms; at other times, the changes occur within the shoe.  For verbs ending in -  cer , change  c  to  ç  before  a  or  o  to keep the soft  c  (s) sound:  avancer  (to advance):  j'avance, tu avances, il avance, nous avan ç ons, vous avancez,  ils avancent   Other -  cer  verbs include  annoncer  (to announce),  commencer  (to begin),  menacer  (to threaten),  placer remplacer  (to replace), and  renoncer  à  (to renounce)  For verbs ending in -  ger , insert a silent  e  between  g  and  a  and between  g  and  o  to keep the  soft  g  (zh) sound:  manger  (to eat):  je mange, tu manges, il mange, nous mangeons, vous mangez, ils 
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Unformatted text preview: mangent • Other - ger verbs include arranger (to arrange), changer (to change), corriger (to correct), déranger (to disturb), diriger (to direct), nager (to swim), obliger , partager (to share), and ranger (to tidy). • In - yer verbs, the y is kept in the nous and vous forms except for - ayer verbs, where the change is optional. An i is used instead of y within the shoe. Verbs ending in — ayer include payer and essayer [de] (to try [to]) . • employer (to use, employ): j'emploie, tu emploies, il emploie, nous employons, vous employez, ils emploient • Other -yer verbs include ennuyer (to bother), envoyer (to send), and nettoyer (to clean)....
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