Without the preposition en to show a cause

Without the preposition en to show a cause -...

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Without the preposition  en  to show a cause, a reason, a motive, a condition, a  result, an incidental circumstance, or an action that took place at the same moment  as or immediately before the action of the main verb.  When used as a verb, the present  participle is  invariable —meaning that there is no agreement of the present participle with  the subject:  Étant occupé, je l'ai ignoré.  (Being busy, I ignored him.)  Elle est partie, oubliant ses clefs.  (She left, forgetting her keys.)  Regardant la télé, je me suis endormi.  (Watching TV, I fell asleep.)  Il étudie en écoutant la radio.  (He studies while listening to the radio.)  Il est entré criant.  (He arrived screaming.)  In addition, the present participle can be used as follows:  Some present participles may be used as adjectives and must, therefore, agree 
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course FR 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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Without the preposition en to show a cause -...

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