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When être is the helping verb

When être is the helping verb - over...

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When  ê tre  is the helping verb, the past participle must agree in number and gender with the subject;  this is done by adding  -e  for a feminine subject and  -s  for a plural subject:  Il est rentr é .  (He returned home.)  Elle est n é e en juin.  (She was born in June.)  Nous sommes revenus hier.  (We came back yesterday.)  Elles sont tomb é es.  (They fell.)  Verbs that use  ê tre  or  avoir   The verbs  descendre  (to go down),  monter  (to go up),  passer  (to pass by),  rentrer  (to return home),  retourner  (to return), and  sortir  (to go out) generally use  ê tre  as their helping verb. They may use  avoir  when the sentence contains a direct object. In these cases, their meaning changes:  descendre  (to take down),  monter  (to take up),  passer  (to spend time),  rentrer  (to bring in),  retourner  (to turn  over), and 
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Unformatted text preview: over), and sortir (to take out): • Je suis descendu. (I went downstairs.) • Je suis descendu du train. (I got off the train.) • J'ai descendu le livre. (I took the book down.) • Il est monté. (He went upstairs.) • Il a monté ses bagages. (He took his luggage upstairs.) • Il est passé par l'école. (He passed by the school.) • Il a passé une heure là-bas. (He spent an hour there.) • Ils sont rentrés tard. (They came home late.) • Ils ont rentré le chien. (They brought in the dog.) • Elle est retournée ` Nice. (She returned to Nice.) • Elle a retourné la lettre. (She turned over the letter.) • Je suis sortie. (I went out.) • J'ai sorti mon argent. (I took out my money.)...
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