MamlukMost of the threatening breakaway pressures occurred in Egypt beginning in the seventeenth century.in 1517, Egypt had become the ottoman empire's greatest conquest. Mamluk is an Arabic designation for slaves.the term is most commonly used to refer to non-Muslim slave soldiers and Muslim rulers of salve origin.The most enduring Mameluke realm was the knightly military caste in Egypt in the Middle ages.The Mameluke leaders enhanced their power by aligning with the Egyptian merchants to catering to the religious elites of Egypt the ulama. The mamluk sultanate survived until 1517, when it was conquered by the ottoman empire.shortly after Ayn Jalut, Mongols were defeated again at Homs in 1260 by an army combiningAyyubid levies and Mamlus, islaimc success against mamluks, but it was mamluk statecraft that ultimately defeated the invaders. Mamluk also spelled mameluke, slave soldier, a member of the armies of slaves that won political control of several muslim states durin the middle ages under the Ayyubid sultanate, mamluk generals used thier power to establish a dynasty that ruled Egypt and syria from 1250 to 1517. The mamluks speak egypt, their religion was suuni islam,shia islam,christian minorities. The most enduring mamluk realm was the knightly military caste in Egypt in the middle ages, which developed from the ranks of slave soldiers. These weremostly enslaved Turkic peoples, egyptian Copts Circassians, Abkhazians, and Georgians. The mamluk fall in war ottoman-mamluk war (1516-22 january 1517)
This picture shows the Egyptian mamluk warrior in full armor and armed with lance, shield,mameluke sword and pistol.
The opium warsThe chinese empire was largely unaffected by the upheavals in europe and america until the opium wars (1839-1860) forced the chinese to acknowledge their military weaknesses. The qing dynasty, which had taken power in 1644, was still enjoying prosperity and territorial expansion as the nineteenth century dawned. Their sense