Music Industry-Revised

Music Industry-Revised - MUSIC INDUSTRY Technical...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: MUSIC INDUSTRY Technical developments in recording industry 1877 Thomas Edison: cylinders 1887 Emil Berliner: shellac (later vinyl) disc system in use until development of CD's in 1980s 1920s Radio ingested record companies: CBS bought Columbia; RCA got Victor Copyright Problems 1914 American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) founded; secured royalties for sheet music 1922 ASCAP asked for royalties for radio performances 1937 Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI) Purpose of ASCAP and BMI: to secure royalty payments for songwriters and musicians Origins of rock n roll Spirituals Gospel music (still popular today) RagtimeScott Joplin 1868-1917 First person to actually write down Ragtime music. He was very popular at the turn of the century. Dixieland Louis Armstrong 1900-1971 Mississippi Delta Blues Robert Johnson Bessie Smith 1940 Beginning of airplay for African American music Rhythm n blues (R&B) Swing or big band music: Duke Ellington Grew up with money, unlike most other African American artists. Parents wanted him to go to law school. In order to get around the Jim Crow laws in the south, Duke bought his own set of railcars specifically made with beds and living space for his band to stay in when they played shows in the South. More technical developments 1945 Battle of the Speeds CBS: 33 1/3 rpm (Dr. Peter Goldmark) Invented the LP (Long Playing Record) RCA (NBC): 45 rpm (pop singles) Magnetic tape recording--technology stolen from Nazis Chicago Blues Muddy Waters Rock n roll Chuck Berry 1955 Roll Over Beethoven Little Richard 1955 Richard Penniman Tutti Frutie was later covered by Pat Boone Chubby Checkers 1960 Ernest Evans Lets All Do the Twist Cover remake of a previously recorded song: white persons cover of an African-American musicians song kept African-American version of song out of the marketdenied original singer the royalties he or she should have received Elvis Presley 1956 Hound Dog originally written by Big Momma Thornton Movie: During this time period, record Companies did not pay royalties to artists because it was too hard to keep track of. White kids started to like the music of African American artists. Record Company owners began to push their own choice of music on radio DJs essentially taking away their power. White artists began to cover Black artists music, therefore making it more acceptable to a larger portion of the White Community. music, therefore making it more acceptable to a larger portion of the White Community....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course COMM 245 taught by Professor Young during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.

Page1 / 9

Music Industry-Revised - MUSIC INDUSTRY Technical...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online