24 Insect Pest Mgmt

24 Insect Pest Mgmt - INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT History of...

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INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT
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History of Pest Management Modern humans - 30,000 - 50,000 years ago o groups worked together to procure necessary resources
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History of Pest Management Cooperative group evidence 10,000 to 20,000 years ago Sociology of cooperation must have played a role in the development of agriculture
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History of Pest Management
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History of Pest Management Agriculture is believed to have begun around 10,000 years ago Agricultural practice evolved, presumably independently, in all major cultural areas of the world
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First Agricultural Regions
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History of Pest Management Presumably as soon as the first crop was planted certain kinds of insects became pests So the advent of pests is coincident with the advent of agriculture and that makes “pests” a human concept
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First attempts at management Early pest control practices were often based on mysticism or superstition Enamel plates from Assyria that are 2,700 years old show prayers to the god Ashur to control locusts
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First attempts Before 2,500 BC Sumerians were using sulfur compounds to control insects and mites By 2,500 BC the Chinese figured out plant phenology and adjusted crop planting times to avoid pest outbreaks
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First attempts By 1,200 BC China was using plant-derived insecticides – like these modern ones… pyrethrum pyrethrum rotenone rotenone nicotine nicotine
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First attempts The earliest record for using natural enemies was in China about 300 BC …bridges from tree to tree to help predatory ants they understood the concept of food webs and biological control
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A step back…the dark ages In Europe people turned more to superstition and religious faith rather than biological knowledge to deal with pests
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course PPSC 110 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '04 term at Cal Poly.

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24 Insect Pest Mgmt - INSECT PEST MANAGEMENT History of...

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