Reading1_IPM - 188 Integrated Pest Management Current and Future Strategies 11 Urban Integrated Pest Management Integrated pest management(IPM has

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Integrated pest management (IPM) has its roots in contemporary agriculture, in which questions of eco- nomics—cost of treatments versus the value of bene- fits—are a driving force. Recently, IPM techniques and philosophies with slightly different emphases have been applied to urban pest management, which concerns the direct interactions between people and pests, whether in the innermost parts of a city, in a suburban area, or in a comparatively rural location. Like agricultural IPM, urban IPM applies pest man- agement decisions on the basis of determined need, instead of on the basis of preventive, or prophylactic, philosophy. Calling for a multidisciplinary approach, urban IPM uses various nonchemical and chemical techniques in an overall management strategy. Unlike agricultural IPM decisions, however, urban IPM decisions cannot be made on an entirely economic basis (Gibb 1999), for often in urban environments no commodity is produced, harvested, or sold. Urban IPM balances the cost of treatments with a human comfort value. Compared with economic gains in ag- ricultural IPM, urban IPM quantifies human comfort value less readily and becomes more subjective when human tolerance of pests and quality of life are con- sidered. Thus, a management decision based solely on the economic return of pest control inputs is unre- alistic in an urban environment. Rather, urban IPM is based on the premise that, even in the absence of monetary value, damage can occur and pest manage- ment can be justified. Urban IPM includes a human factor rather than an economic factor in the pest management equation. For example, qualitative aspects such as aesthetics, comfort, health, and peace of mind substitute in many ways for the quantitative economics involved in agri- cultural IPM decision making. Because many of the qualifying aspects for urban IPM are subjective, they cannot be measured economically. This subjectivity represents a major challenge in urban IPM and can cause it to become very complex and subject to indi- vidual interpretation. But the unifying and distin- guishing characteristic of all urban IPM approaches is the human factor. Whether a pest is a pathogen, 11 Urban Integrated Pest Management 188 an insect, a weed, or a rodent, an organism that dam- ages homes, structures, clothing, food, or landscape plantings or harms, annoys, or otherwise interferes with people and their activities is considered an urban pest . In urban IPM, social concerns replace economic gains or losses as the driving force behind decision making. Among these concerns are public attitudes, perceptions, and prejudices regarding pests and pes- ticides and their effects on human activity and the environment. Within the last few years, environmen- tal and human health issues clearly have become prime considerations of regulatory agency personnel.
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course PMA 4242 taught by Professor Philipbusey during the Spring '07 term at University of Florida.

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Reading1_IPM - 188 Integrated Pest Management Current and Future Strategies 11 Urban Integrated Pest Management Integrated pest management(IPM has

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