3.Job_Design.Groups_Teams

3.Job_Design.Groups_Teams - Job Design: Groups and Teams...

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Job Design: Groups and Teams MGT 315 Scott
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Class Agenda The IPO model Team  I nputs Team  P rocesses Team  O utcomes
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Organizing Model
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GROUP Two or more people who interact and are  dependent upon each other to achieve some  common objective TEAM A “supergroup” that has highly defined tasks  and roles and demonstrates high group  commitment
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Groups and Teams Why do organizations design work to be  performed by groups? Advantages Increased creativity Increased performance Better decisions, fewer errors, etc. Increased commitment? (embeddedness) Disadvantages Decreased creativity Decreased performance (failure is compounded) Social loafing (more on this later)…
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Groups and Teams What are some advantages/disadvantages of  groups for group members? Advantages: Social identity/belonging Sharing of complex tasks Disadvantages: Lack of individual recognition Depends on how performance is measured? Competition vs. cooperation
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Types of Groups Formal Groups Part of the formal organizational structure Can be    Functional comprised of individuals with similar tasks  (e.g. accounting dept.) Task/Project-oriented created to accomplish a  specific goal (e.g.,  faculty search committee)
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Types of Groups Informal Groups Arise out of individual social needs and the  attraction of people to one another Fall outside of the normal structure of the  organization Develop outside of managerial control Often have an important impact on  organizational performance and member  satisfaction
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A Model of Groups and Teams INPUTS PROCESSES OUTCOMES A popular model to explain how groups achieve outcomes The “IPO” Model
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course MGT 315 taught by Professor Wenier during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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3.Job_Design.Groups_Teams - Job Design: Groups and Teams...

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