Jeopardy1 - OB/HR JEOPARDY! OB/HR Job Design Job...

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Unformatted text preview: OB/HR JEOPARDY! OB/HR Job Design Job (Motivation) (Motivation) 1 Job Design Job (Motivation) 2 Groups & Groups Teams Teams 1 Groups & Groups Teams 2 Teams Planning & Planning Recruitment 1 Overview 100 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 500 OB/HR DOUBLE JEOPARDY! JEOPARDY! Job Design Job (Motivation) (Motivation) 1 Job Design Job (Motivation) 2 Groups & Groups Teams 1 Teams Planning & Planning Recruitment 1 Planning & Planning Recruitment 2 Groups & Groups Teams 2 Teams 200 200 200 200 200 200 400 400 400 400 400 400 600 600 600 600 600 600 800 800 800 800 800 800 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 In Job Characteristics In Job Characteristics Theory, the degree to which the job affects the lives of other people This theory differentiates This theory differentiates between “hygiene factors” and “motivators” Of Maslow’s need hierarchy, Of Maslow’s need hierarchy, Hertzberg’s two factor theory, and goal setting theory – the one that is most supported According to Job According to Job Characteristics Theory, this critical psychological state is the result of autonomy Removing an undesirable Removing an undesirable consequence following a desired behavior This is a function of This is a function of direction, intensity, and persistence These motivation theories These motivation theories focus on how behavioral change occurs Good goals are those that Good goals are those that possess these two qualities In Job Characteristics In Job Characteristics Theory, the degree to which a job results in a whole, identifiable piece of work The process of defining how The process of defining how work will be performed and what tasks will be required in a given job The belief that effort The belief that effort leads to performance According to this theory, According to this theory, motivation is high when people’s outcome/input ratios are similar Variety, identity, and Variety, identity, and significance all combine to affect this critical psychological state Slot machines use this type Slot machines use this type of reinforcement schedule – no wonder they’re so addicting According to Job According to Job Characteristics theory, increasing the number of tasks a worker performs This theory states that This theory states that behavior is entirely a function of its consequences This theory states that This theory states that motivation is high when individuals believe effort will lead to performance and performance will lead to valued outcomes In expectancy theory, this In expectancy theory, this refers to the value of an outcome Eliminating a redundant job is Eliminating a redundant job is an example of this mechanistic approach to job design The belief that performance The belief that performance will lead to outcomes Gersick (1988) found that Gersick (1988) found that teams transition around their halfway point – a process referred to as this The studies by Solomon The studies by Solomon Asch exemplified this phenomenon that occurs when an individual goes along with the group Small, homogeneous groups Small, homogeneous groups tend to have higher levels of this type of group member attraction These process gains/losses These process gains/losses save time, but may result in miscoding of novel situations This type of task has one This type of task has one correct answer, so group performance depends on theability of best group member Performance on these types Performance on these types of tasks depends on the group member with the highest ability This type of conflict can be This type of conflict can be beneficial for teams, especially on non­routine activities A video we watched showed A video we watched showed this company’s group processes as it redesigned a shopping cart These types of teams peform These types of teams peform best when quick decisions need to be made Of creativity, decision Of creativity, decision accuracy, and speed, the performance criterion on which individuals tend to outperform teams You might find one of these You might find one of these types of groups together during lunch Demographic differences Demographic differences (age, gender, race) represent this type of “ diversity” This popular but basic model This popular but basic model explains how groups achieve outcomes These types of teams These types of teams perform better on complex tasks According to Tuckman, the According to Tuckman, the five stages through which groups develop Small groups and high self­ Small groups and high self­ esteem are positively related to this type of individual behavior in groups Encouraging devil’s Encouraging devil’s advocates helps to avoid this process loss These informal rules and These informal rules and expectations that groups establish regulate group member behavior This process loss is more This process loss is more likely in larger teams with no measures of individual effort An assembly line is an An assembly line is an example of this type of group task This method of demand This method of demand forecasting uses other, similar businesses as comparisons This vacancy characteristic is This vacancy characteristic is not rated as important, but it really is when it comes to making a decision According to one study, this According to one study, this labor surplus correction method works best when it is paired with a major business change A tobacco company A tobacco company publicizing charitable donations is an example of this personnel policy Comparing the strengths and Comparing the strengths and weaknesses of different jobs represents this type of decision strategy We might use this to We might use this to determine who is moving up or out of the company “If it’s not in Florida, forget it” is an example of this decision strategy Pay, benefits, job security, Pay, benefits, job security, and location are all examples of these “characteristics” Offering 20% more in salary Offering 20% more in salary than other similar companies is an example of this personnel policy Downsizing, pay reduction, Downsizing, pay reduction, demotions, work sharing, early retirement Moving call­centers to India is Moving call­centers to India is an example of this This source of recruitment This source of recruitment usually results in good hires – but beware, your reputation is on the line Used to answer, “How much Used to answer, “How much labor will we need?” The extent to which an The extent to which an applicant’s and organization’s values match Using these as a recruitment Using these as a recruitment strategy is supposed to give job applicants more realistic expectations of the job A study found that these A study found that these companies, that moved from private to public ownership, survived longer if they had good HR practices One study found that this set One study found that this set of companies outperformed a similar set over a 5­year period – go HR! This top 10 company to work This top 10 company to work for provides lunch to all its employees Policies, practices, and Policies, practices, and systems that influence employee attitudes and performance These two methods can be These two methods can be used to study the effect of OB/HR on firm performance Daily Double! Daily Double! Daily Double! Daily Double! Daily Double! Daily Double! Daily Double! Daily Double! Final Jeopardy Final Jeopardy According to the study by Huselid According to the study by Huselid (1995), firms who improved their OB/HR practices by one standard deviation had this much more in sales per employee ...
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