Lecture 2 - OverviewofBondingLecture2 VSEPR Charge Clouds...

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Overview of Bonding - Lecture 2
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VSEPR Charge Bonds Lone Notation Shape Clouds Pairs 2 2 0 AX 2 linear 3 3 0 AX 3 trigonal planar 3 2 1 AX E bent
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AX 2 E     e.g. SO 2 (bent) ideal bond angle = 120 o S O O :
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VSEPR Charge Bonds Lone Notation Shape Clouds Pairs 4 4 0 AX 4 tetrahedral
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AX 4 e.g. methane C Η Η Η Η All angles 109.5 o (tetrahedral)
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VSEPR Charge Bonds Lone Notation Shape Clouds Pairs 4 4 0 AX 4 tetrahedral 4 3 1 AX 3 E trigonal pyramidal
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Ν Η Η Η AX 3 E    e.g. ammonia .. 107.3 o (trigonal pyramidal)
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VSEPR Charge Bonds Lone Notation Shape Clouds Pairs 4 4 0 AX 4 tetrahedral 4 3 1 AX 3 E trigonal pyramidal 4 2 2 AX 2 E 2 bent
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AX 2 E 2    e.g. water Ο Η Η .. .. 104.5 o (bent)
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VSEPR Charge Bonds Lone Notation Shape Clouds Pairs 5 5 0 AX 5 trigonal bipyramidal
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AX 5   e.g. PCl 5 Cl Cl Cl P Cl Cl ideal angles: 90 o , 120 o (trigonal bipyramidal)
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VSEPR Charge Bonds Lone Notation Shape Clouds Pairs 5 5 0 AX 5 trigonal bipyramidal 5 4 1 AX 4 E see-saw
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AX 4 E   e.g. SF 4   F F S F F : ideal angles: 90 o , 120 o (seesaw)
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Lecture 2 - OverviewofBondingLecture2 VSEPR Charge Clouds...

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