Ch. 21 - Tindall/Shi Ch 21 Tindall/Shi Emergence of Modern...

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Unformatted text preview: Tindall/Shi Ch. 21 Tindall/Shi Emergence of Modern America America’s Move to Town America’s General Trends Population growth Social divisions Ethnic diversity New York City America’s Move to Town (con’t) America’s Explosive Growth Immigration Technology Suburbinization America’s Move to Town (con’t) America’s Problems Overcrowding Disease Pollution Crime Poverty High mortality Tenements America’s Move to Town (con’t) America’s City Politics Political “machines” – bossism Boss Tweed of Tammany Hall Boss The New Immigration The The Numbers 1870s – 3 million 1880s – 5 million 1890s – 3.5 million 1900s – 9 million 1910s – 6 million 1920s – 4 million 1930s – more left than entered 1990s – 10+ million The New Immigration (con’t) The “Push” Factors persecution war/revolution famine Pull” Factors jobs relatives advertising Revolutions Jobs The New Immigration (con’t) The Phases 1830­1880 – Northern & Western Europe/China 1880­1917 – Southern & Eastern Europe/Japan/India 1917­1964 – Era of Restriction 1964 – Present Era of Liberalization Asian Latin American The New Immigration (con’t) The Ellis Island (NYC) opened 1892 replaced Castle Garden (1855; state run facility) for steerage passengers only only 2% denied entry Bureau of Immigration 1907 peak year – over 1 million 11,750/day!! Ellis Island Ellis Island The New Immigration (con’t) The Angel Island (San Francisco) mostly Asian immigrants over 30% denied entry Angel Island The New Immigration (con’t) The Transition to America formation of ethnic enclaves immigrant aid societies exploitation China town Little Italy The New Immigration (con’t) The Nativist Reactions took “American” jobs low wages racial/ethnic inferiority criminal/alcoholic anti­Semitic/Catholic A. P. A. (1887) The New Immigration (con’t) The Immigration Restriction Movement Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) H. C. Lodge I.R.L. (1895) Dennis Kearney (Irish immigration) Popular Culture Popular Leisure Time more $, more time for diversions circuses amusement parks wild west shows vaudeville sports saloons Saloon Culture Saloon Most popular gathering place for w/c during late 1800s More saloons than grocery stores in America by 1900 Over 10,000 in NYC alone Saloon Culture (con’t) Saloon Criticisms: they fostered alcoholism, family abuse, & absenteeism Proponents: they provided needed social services & a haven from the relentless pace of industry Saloon Culture (con’t) Saloon Services Offered: free hot lunches, newspapers, various games/amusements, meeting places for businessmen, mail service, music. Role of Saloonkeeper: a mentor, mediator, father­figure, friend; a man of “superior intelligence” well versed on the latest political/sporting news Saloon Culture (con’t) Saloon Why do you think saloons have declined in importance today? Popular Culture (con’t) Popular Education expansion of public education vocational training higher education elective system specialized colleges graduate schools professionalism Intellectual Trends Intellectual Social Change Darwinian theory Social Darwinism (Herbert Spencer) Reform Darwinism (Lester Frank Ward) role of human brain in shaping society cooperation over competition Lester Frank Intellectual Trends (con’t) Intellectual Social criticism (George, Lloyd, Veblen) Social Gospel movement (W. Gladden) Institutional church Settlement Houses (J. Addams) Intellectual Trends (con’t) Intellectual Literary movements Naturalism (Jack London, Call of the Wild) triumph of brute force will to survive Realism (Stephen Crane, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets & The Red Badge of Courage) natural forces internal drives w/o control/understanding Women’s Work & Suffrage Women’s General employment trends Suffrage E. C. Stanton, Susan B. Anthony: National Woman Suffrage Association (1869) Lucy Stone, Julia Ward Howe: American Woman Suffrage Association (1869) Women’s Work & Suffrage (con’t) (con’t) 1890: united as National American Woman Suffrage Association Anna H. Shaw, Carrie Chapman Catt, Alice Paul 4 western states adopted full suffrage before 1900: Wyoming, Utah, Idaho, Colorado Most other western states by 1914 19th Amendment: 1920 ...
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