Ch. 23 - Tindall/Shi Ch. 23 Tindall/Shi American...

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Unformatted text preview: Tindall/Shi Ch. 23 Tindall/Shi American Imperialism Copyright: W.C. Nicholson, Ph.D. Copyright: Kennesaw State University Kennesaw The New Imperialism The What is “imperialism?” Isolationism v. expansionism Motives for imperialism: Economic (industrialization) Labor, resources, markets Religious Missionary work Racial Anglo-Saxonism/Social Darwinism/scientific racism Political International/colonial rivalries – jingoism Military Naval bases The New Imperialism (con’t) The Pacific Expansion Alaska (1867) Seward’s Folly Samoa (1889) Samoa (1889) Tripartite Agreement (Germany, G.B., U.S.) Hawaii (1898) Hawaii (1898) Sugar/pineapples 1887 American revolt 1891 Queen Liliuokalani assumed throne; white population 1891 seized power seized Republic of Hawaii (1894) Hawaii annexed by joint resolution (1898) The New Imperialism (con’t) The Spanish American War (1898) Spanish (1898) Background factors (causes): Cuban-Spanish animosities/atrocities American business interests 1895 Cuban Revolt the “yellow” press & public opinion the (Hearst v. Pulitzer) the de Lome letter (Feb. 9, 1898) sinking of the Maine (Feb. 15, 1898) sinking (Feb. Jose Marti The New Imperialism (con’t) The Spanish American War (1898) Spanish (1898) War declared (Apr. 25, 1898) Course of war Dewey took Manila (Apr, 30, 1898) Rough Riders hometown war mismanagement Final tally 6000 American dead 60,000 Spanish/Cuban dead 274,000 Americans served Rough Riders The New Imperialism (con’t) The Debate over Annexation America acquired Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, America Samoa (1899) Samoa Cuba granted independence but highly restricted at Cuba first (Platt Amendment) first Anti-Imperialist Leagues (A. Carnegie) Kipling’s “White Man’s Burden” factors of race, defense, economics, government, factors location location Insular cases (1900) The New Imperialism (con’t) The Filipino Insurrection (1899-1902) Filipino (1899-1902) PEF (7000 men at first) under Gen. Wesley PEF Merritt v. Emilio Aquinaldo (Filipino leader) Merritt America’s 1st southeast Asian war problems of supply/strategy guerilla warfare The New Imperialism (con’t) The Filipino Insurrection (1899-1902) Filipino (1899-1902) changing tactics escalation (70,000 men) Aquinaldo captured; Aquinaldo insurrection collapsed Taft sent to govern comparison to Vietnam The New Imperialism (con’t) The Rivalries in East Asia China Open Door policy (1899) Boxer Rebellion (1900) Japan Sino-Japanese War (1894-95) Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) Interests in China/Korea Boxer Rebellion TR’s “Big Stick” Diplomacy TR’s Rise of Theodore Roosevelt Election of 1900 McKinley’s assassination TR’s philosophy Panama Canal (1904-1914) Background Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine U.S. relations with Japan Immigration debate Nobel prize (Russo-Japanese War) Great White Fleet A.T. Mahan, “On Sea Power” A.T. 1. Describe Mahan’s view on “preserving 1. the home market for home industries.” the protected manufactures high tariffs role of tradition A.T. Mahan, “On Sea Power” (con’t) (con’t) 2. What does Mahan challenge America to 2. do? do? look outward link markets & products by trade go on the offensive promote American/European colonization in Asia use our geography to our advantage Between 2 old worlds Border 2 great oceans Albert Beveridge, “America’s Destiny” Destiny” 3. What is the overall significance of the 3. Philippines according to Beveridge? Philippines markets, resources, labor proximity to China military bases strategic port on the ocean of commerce Albert Beveridge, “America’s Destiny” (con’t) Destiny” 4. What are Beveridge’s views/attitudes 4. toward the Philippines & its people? toward condescending, racist Filipinos are childlike incapable of self-government subject to inept rule of Spain Anglo-Saxon duty to “uplift & civilize” based on Anglo-Saxon American exceptionalist argument American Albert Beveridge, “America’s Destiny” (con’t) Destiny” 5. How does Beveridge reflect the 5. ideology of Anglo-Saxonism? ideology Ideology based on racial Ideology difference/hierarchy difference/hierarchy Duty of “superior” races to uplift/civilize Duty “inferior” races “inferior” ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course HIST 2112 taught by Professor Papageorge during the Fall '07 term at Kennesaw.

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