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Unformatted text preview: Kennesaw State University History 2112 Test 2 Study Guide Dr. Nicholson, [Test 2 will cover Tindall/Shi Chs. 23-27, and Loewen Ch. 1] Ch. 23 Motives of Imperialism - Economic (Industrialization) Labor, resources, markets- Religious Missionary Work- Racial Anglo-Saxonism/ Social Darwinism/ Scientific Racism- Political International/colonial rivalries jingoism Jingoism is extreme nationalism- Military Naval Bases Pan Americanism - Trying to expand US interests- Pan means across America A. T. Mahans views- Pro-Imperialists (Expanded trade by pacific)- Protected manufacturers - High Tariffs- Role of Tradition Albert Beveridges views- Pro-Imperialists - Anglo-Saxonism: Ideology based on racial difference/hierarchy- Duty of superior races to uplift/civilize inferior races causes- Spanish-American War - Cuban-Spanish animosities/atrocities - American Business Interest- Cuban Revolt- The yellow press & public opinion- The de Lome letter- Sinking of the Maine - Hearst v. Pulitzer why US entered Spanish-American War- American business interest - sinking of USS Maine- de Lome letter Written by the Spanish minister in Cuba Talked bad about US president: McKinley - Jose Marti Cuban nationalist Battle of Manila Bay- The first battle between American and Spanish forces occurred in Manila bay, Philippines TR & the Rough Riders- A member of the volunteer cavalry regiment led by Theodore Roosevelt - Achieve Military Fame TR & conservation- Movement that seeks to protect natural resources - Open Door Notes- Open Door Policy allowed multiple imperial powers access China Roosevelt Corollary (to Monroe Doctrine)- Roosevelts Corollary allowed the USA to exercise international policy power - This way they can intervene and keep smaller countries at their feet - Specially in Caribbean and Latin America Fall of Hawaiian monarchy/Hawaiian annexation - acquisition of Alaska - 1867- Sewards Folly acquisition of Panama Canal - Roosevelt considered it the greatest achievement of mankind Anti-Imperialist League members- Twain- Summer- Carnegie- Cleveland debate over Philippines- E. Aguinaldo/Filipino Insurrection- Rise of Japan as major military power in East Asia- Victory over Russia Boxer Rebellion - Movement in China opposing foreign imperialism and Christianity assassination of McKinley- Shot twice- Vice-president Theodore Roosevelt succeeded McKinley as president Ch. 24 features/characteristics of progressivism - Definition: Use of government to solve social problems - Democracy- Efficiency- Regulation- Social Justice Muckrakers (Roosevelt invented the term)- Progressive reformers who wanted to clean up corruption...
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