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Chapter 29 - Tindall/Shi Ch 29 Tindall/Shi Ch 29 From...

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Unformatted text preview: Tindall/Shi Ch. 29 Tindall/Shi Ch. 29 From Isolation to Global War: American Diplomacy in the 1930s Copyright: W.C. Nicholson, Ph.D. Kennesaw State University Interwar Diplomacy Interwar Diplomacy Wilsonian internationalism v. isolationism role of American business interests & imperial acquisitions War Debts/Reparations Allied debt to U.S. 22 billion GB/France disagreed U.S. tariff walls 1931 moratorium Johnson Debt Default Act (1934) Interwar Diplomacy (con’t) Interwar Diplomacy (con’t) Disarmament Washington Conference (1921) Five Power Treaty Four Power Treaty Nine Power Treaty Washington Conference Washington Conference Interwar Diplomacy (con’t) Interwar Diplomacy (con’t) Kellogg­Briand Pact (1928) renounce war as instrument of national policy 62 nations signed Interwar Diplomacy (con’t) Interwar Diplomacy (con’t) “Good Neighbor” Policy U.S, intervention in Latin America Pan American Conference (1928) withdrawal of American troops Cuban independence War Clouds War Clouds Japanese Expansion Manchuria Incident (1931) attack on Shanghai (1932) withdrawal from League of Nations (1933) Stimson Doctrine Evacuees in Manchuria War Clouds (con’t) War Clouds (con’t) Fascist Regimes in Italy & Germany Italy 1922 Mussolini’s March on Rome est of fascist state blackshirts Il Duce War Clouds (con’t) War Clouds (con’t) Germany failure of Weimar Republic rise of Nazi party under Hitler 1932 election Der Fuhrer massive rearmament withdrawal from League lebensraum (living space) The Expanding Axis The Expanding Axis 1934: Japan renounced Five Power Treaty 1935: Italy invades Ethiopia 1936: Hitler invades Rhineland Spanish Civil War 1937: Japan invades China 1938: Anschluss of Austria Germany takes Sudetenland 1939: Germany seizes all Czechoslovakia U.S Response U.S Response Isolationist mood; preoccupation with Depression Neutrality agreements no arms to belligerent nations no Americans on belligerent ships cash & carry policy Storm in Europe Storm in Europe German Victories Invasion of Poland, Sept 1, 1939 WW II begins Sitzkrieg (Phony or sit­down war) Blitzkrieg (lightning war) Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Netherlands Evacuation of Dunkirk (May 1940) French occupation (June 1940) Vichy Regime under F.M Henri Petain Evacuation of Dunkirk Evacuation of Dunkirk Storm in Europe (con’t) Storm in Europe (con’t) America’s Growing Involvement gradual shift in public opinion in 1939 increased defense spending aid to British after Battle of Britain (1940­41) Lend­Lease Agreement internationalists v. isolationists FDR wins 3rd term in 1940 over Wendall Wilkie Battle of Britain Battle of Britain Storm in Europe (con’t) Storm in Europe (con’t) The War Expands Italy joins Germany in 1940 Summer 1941: Germany controlled most Europe June 1941: German invasion of Soviet Union; GB/US pledge to aid Stalin Aug. 1941: Atlantic Charter Battle of the Atlantic Storm in Europe (con’t) Storm in Europe (con’t) The War in the Pacific Greater East Asian Co­Prosperity Sphere Sept 1940: Tripartite Agreement (Germany, Italy, Japan) Apr 1941: Non­Aggression Pact (Germany & Italy) July 1941: Japanese protectorate over French Indochina; U.S. response Dec. 1941: Pearl Harbor invasion brings U.S. into war Pearl Harbor (1941) Pearl Harbor (1941) “Causes” of WW II Failure of Versailles Treaty Failure of League of Nations Rise of totalitarian regimes in Germany, Italy, & Japan The Great Depression ...
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