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Unformatted text preview: units of food / worker Productivity of labor in industry = (output of industrial sector / labor in industry) We assume an 8 hour work day, 5 days per week Output of industrial sector: 60% of total output x $100 Million output = $60 Million Labor in industrial sector: 10% of total labor force or 1 million workers $60 Million output / 1 million workers = $60.00 worth of output per worker 60% / 10% = 6.0000 units of manufactures / worker Relative productivity of industrial worker to that of agricultural worker $60 worth of output / $4.2857 worth of output = 14 to 1 6 / 0.42857 = 14 to 1 units of manufactures per unit of food With a productivity differential of 14 to 1, we can assume that labor employed in industry will tend to receive higher wages than labor employed in agriculture....
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- Fall '08