Bath salts (Oct 5) - What Is Substance Dependence •...

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Unformatted text preview: What Is Substance Dependence? • Addiction – A person has become physically or psychologically dependent on a substance following use over a period of time • Withdrawal – Unpleasant symptoms, both physical and psychological, that people experience when they stop using a substance on which they have become dependent Alcohol Related Incidents • 16 year old boy found dead in field following underage drinking party • 7 students banned from extracurricular activities • County Sheriff’s Deputy (24 years old) fired—party at the home of his parents Alcohol Related Incidents • 5 th teen dies from Oswego crash • 8 teenagers in car with 23 years old with blood alcohol level of 0.124 • Speeding in a 45 mph zone—lost control on an open, flat stretch of Rt 31. Alcoholism and Problem Drinking: Scope of the Problem • >20% of Americans drink at levels that exceed government recommendations • Alcohol consumption is linked to – high blood pressure, stroke, cirrhosis of the liver, fetal alcohol syndrome, some cancers • Alcohol-related accidents: – 1in 2 Americans will be in one in their lifetimes – 41% of traffic-related deaths related to alcohol What Are Alcoholism and Problem Drinking? • Symptoms of Alcohol Abuse – Difficulty in performing one’s job because of alcohol consumption – Inability to function well socially without alcohol – Legal difficulties encountered while drinking • Drunk driving convictions Alcoholism and Problem Drinking: Origins • Drinking occurs as an effort to buffer the impact of stress – Drink to enhance positive emotions – Drink to reduce negative emotions • Alcoholism is tied to the drinker’s social and cultural environment. – Window of vulnerability: Ages 12 to 21 – Window of vulnerability: Late middle age Alcoholism and Problem Drinking: Treatment of Alcohol Abuse • “Maturing Out” of Alcoholism – 10 to 20% of alcoholics stop drinking on their own – 32% of alcoholics can stop with minimal help • Can be treated successfully through cognitive- behavioral modification But – High rate of recidivism – as high as 60% – Alcoholic’s environment must be considered • Without employment or social support, prospects for recovery are dim Alcoholism and Problem Drinking: Treatment Programs: Relapse Prevention • Relapse rates – 50% or more relapse 2-4 years after treatment – 50% or more relapse within first 3 months • Helpful for problem drinkers to know – An occasional relapse is normal – Relapse doesn’t signify failure • Important relapse prevention skills – Learning “drink-refusal skills” – Learning nonalcoholic beverage substitutions Alcohol-Related Problems of College Students: Table 5.2 Alcohol Related Incidents • Illegal for parents to knowingly allow minors to drink in their home • Provide them with alcohol • Fail to control access • Misdemeanor—fine and up to 364 days in jail • Raise to felony—1-3 years in prison or probation an dup to $25,000 fine. •...
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This note was uploaded on 11/08/2011 for the course CHLH 304 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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Bath salts (Oct 5) - What Is Substance Dependence •...

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