Pager%20et%20al.%202009%20Discrimination%20in%20a%20Low%20Wage%20Labor%20Market%20-%20ASR

Pager%20et%20al.%202009%20Discrimination%20in%20a%20Low%20Wage%20Labor%20Market%20-%20ASR

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http://asr.sagepub.com/ American Sociological Review http://asr.sagepub.com/content/74/5/777 The online version of this article can be found at: DOI: 10.1177/000312240907400505 2009 74: 777 American Sociological Review Devah Pager, Bruce Western and Bart Bonikowski Discrimination in a Low-Wage Labor Market : A Field Experiment Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: American Sociological Association can be found at: American Sociological Review Additional services and information for http://asr.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Email Alerts: http://asr.sagepub.com/subscriptions Subscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Reprints: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav Permissions: http://asr.sagepub.com/content/74/5/777.refs.html Citations: at UNIV OF FLORIDA Smathers Libraries on March 18, 2011 asr.sagepub.com Downloaded from
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D espite legal bans on discrimination and the liberalization of racial attitudes since the 1960s, racial differences in employment remain among the most enduring forms of economic inequality. Even in the tight labor market of the late 1990s, unemployment rates for black men remained twice that for whites. Racial inequal- ity in total joblessness—including those who exited the labor market—increased among young men during this period (Holzer and Offner 2001). Against this backdrop of persist- ent racial inequality, the question of employment discrimination has generated renewed interest. Although there is much research on racial dis- parities in employment, the contemporary rel- evance of discrimination remains widely contested. One line of research points to the persist- ence of prejudice and discrimination as a criti- cal factor shaping contemporary racial disparities (Darity and Mason 1998; Roscigno et al. 2007). A series of studies relying on sur- veys and in-depth interviews finds that firms are reluctant to hire young minority men—espe- cially blacks—because they are seen as unreli- able, dishonest, or lacking in social or cognitive skills (Holzer 1996; Kirschenman and Neckerman 1991; Moss and Tilly 2001; Waldinger and Lichter 2003; Wilson 1996: chap. 5). The strong negative attitudes expressed by employers suggest that race remains highly Discrimination in a Low-Wage Labor Market: A Field Experiment Devah Pager Bruce Western Princeton University Harvard University Bart Bonikowski Princeton University Decades of racial progress have led some researchers and policymakers to doubt that discrimination remains an important cause of economic inequality. To study contemporary discrimination, we conducted a field experiment in the low-wage labor market of New York City, recruiting white, black, and Latino job applicants who were matched on demographic characteristics and interpersonal skills. These applicants were given equivalent résumés and sent to apply in tandem for hundreds of entry-level jobs.
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SYA 4300 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Pager%20et%20al.%202009%20Discrimination%20in%20a%20Low%20Wage%20Labor%20Market%20-%20ASR

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