Schutt%202009%20How%20to%20Use%20SPSS%20-%20Appendix%20F%20from%20Investigating%20the%20Social%20Wor

Schutt%202009%20How%20to%20Use%20SPSS%20-%20Appendix%20F%20from%20Investigating%20the%20Social%20Wor

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F-1 C omputers and statistical software such as the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) make complex statistical computations simple and fast. SPSS is one of the most pop- ular comprehensive statistical software packages used in the social sciences. Youcan use it to calculate a great many statistics and to create charts and tables for presentations with just a few clicks of the mouse. This appendix provides a basic introduction to SPSS. Even if you are unfamiliar with computers or apprehensive about statistics, you will find that SPSS for Windows is very user friendly. Please bear in mind that all of the examples use version 16 of SPSS, with data from the 2006 version of the General Social Survey (GSS); if you are using a different SPSS version or another year of the GSS, you may find some slight differences in procedures or answers. 2 BASIC PROCEDURES To start SPSS for Windows, click or double-click on the SPSS icon using the left mouse but- ton. If you are unable to locate the SPSS icon, click the Start button, then click on Programs, and then click on SPSS. A new screen will open with a “What would you like to do?” box superimposed on the screen. For now, click on the Cancel button in the “What would you like to do?” box, to get it out of the way.You are now looking at the SPSS Data Editor window.This screen is where data to be analyzed are entered or data files that have already been created (datasets) are loaded. To access the data for this appendix, click: File Open Data (or just click on the open folder icon). Select (highlight) the GSS2006x file. If the GSS2006x file hasn’t been transferred to your hard disk, you can find it on the study site for this text. How to Use a Statistical Package WiththeassistanceofLisaM.GilmanandJeffreyXavier andwithcontributionsbyJoanSaxtonWeber A P P E N D I X F
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The Data View in the Data Editor consists of columns and rows, with each column representing a different variable—their names are at the top—and each row representing one case or “observation” (Exhibit F.1). If you are using the student version of SPSS, you are limited to no more than 50 variables and 1,500 observations. (The GSS2006x dataset has 1,500 cases, or observations, and 49 variables.) There are no variable/observation limits in the commercial version of SPSS. Anotherscreen you should be familiar with is theVariableView screen.Toaccess the variable view screen, click on the Variable Viewtab at the bottom left of the Data Editor (not availablein early versionsof SPSS for Windows).TheVariable View screen contains a list of all the variables included in the dataset and their characteristics. Each row corresponds to a single variable.Variable characteristics are indicated at the top of each column. When you are in the VariableView mode,youcan create, edit,or viewvariableinformation. Nowclick on the DataView tab to return to the data view mode. Looking at the Data
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This note was uploaded on 11/09/2011 for the course SYA 4300 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Schutt%202009%20How%20to%20Use%20SPSS%20-%20Appendix%20F%20from%20Investigating%20the%20Social%20Wor

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