Koan Zen Buddhism: technique used to test consciousness and bring awakening Lama Tibetan Buddhist teacher, often a monk Mudra A symbolic hand gesture Confucianism Confucius life Confucius was born in 551 BC in the state of Lu Served in minor government posts and managing stables Master in six arts: ritual, music, archery, charioteering, calligraphy, and arithmetic Left his country at age 56 and accompanied by students. Returned home at age 67 and die in 479 at age 73 Confucianism Way of life taught by Confucius in the 6thand 5thcentury BC Founded on China Became influential when Dong Zhongshu emereged in the 2ndcentury BC Recognized as the Han state cult. Influenced by Daoism and Buddhism, strongest influence was the moral fabric of Chinese society. 11thcentury produced Neo-Confucianism; major influence in Korean during the Choson dynasty and in Japan during the Tokugawa period. High optimistic view of human nature Human beings are teachable, improvable and perfectible thru personal and communal
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